Essay on Rani Lakshmi Bai

Students are often asked to write an essay on Rani Lakshmi Bai in their schools and colleges. And if you’re also looking for the same, we have created 100-word, 250-word, and 500-word essays on the topic.

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100 Words Essay on Rani Lakshmi Bai


Rani Lakshmi Bai was the queen of the Jhansi kingdom in North India. She was one of the leading figures of the Indian Rebellion of 1857 and a symbol of resistance to British rule.

Early Life

Born as Manikarnika in 1828, she was later named Lakshmi Bai in honor of the Hindu goddess. She was married to the king of Jhansi, Raja Gangadhar Rao.

Role in Rebellion

After her husband’s death, the British wanted to annex Jhansi. However, Rani Lakshmi Bai resisted, leading her troops against the British in the rebellion of 1857.


Rani Lakshmi Bai is remembered as a fearless woman who fought for India’s freedom. Her courage and determination continue to inspire many.

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250 Words Essay on Rani Lakshmi Bai


Rani Lakshmi Bai, the queen of Jhansi, is a legendary figure in Indian history. Known for her bravery and strategic acumen, she played a pivotal role in the 1857 Rebellion against British rule in India.

Early Life and Ascension to Power

Born in Varanasi in 1828, Lakshmi Bai was named Manikarnika. After her mother’s death, she was raised by her father, who worked in the court of Peshwa Baji Rao II. Her education included horse riding, fencing, and shooting, which were unusual for women of the time. In 1842, she married the Maharaja of Jhansi, Gangadhar Rao, and became Rani Lakshmi Bai. After her husband’s death in 1853, she ascended to the throne as the regent for her adopted son, Damodar Rao.

Role in the 1857 Rebellion

The Doctrine of Lapse, a policy of the British East India Company, denied the right of an adopted child to ascend the throne, which led to the annexation of Jhansi. This sparked Lakshmi Bai’s rebellion. She refused to cede Jhansi to the British, famously declaring, “I will not give my Jhansi.”


Lakshmi Bai’s resistance against the British was marked by her exceptional bravery and leadership. Despite being vastly outnumbered, she led her troops into battle, becoming an enduring symbol of resistance. She died in combat in June 1858, but her legacy continues to inspire millions.

In conclusion, Rani Lakshmi Bai’s life and struggles against colonial forces provide a powerful narrative of resistance and courage. Her story remains a beacon of inspiration and a testament to the indomitable spirit of freedom.

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11/08/2023 08:48 pm GMT

500 Words Essay on Rani Lakshmi Bai


Rani Lakshmi Bai, the queen of Jhansi, is an emblematic figure in the annals of Indian history. Revered as a symbol of resistance in the Indian Rebellion of 1857 against British colonialism, her indomitable spirit and valor have continued to inspire generations.

Early Life

Born as Manikarnika Tambe in 1828, she was affectionately called Manu. Her father, Moropant Tambe, worked at the Peshwa court of Bithoor. Following her mother’s early death, she was raised in the Peshwa’s household, which helped her develop a deep understanding of political affairs. Married to Gangadhar Rao, the Maharaja of Jhansi, in 1842, she was henceforth known as Rani Lakshmi Bai.

Ascension to the Throne

Her husband’s untimely death in 1853 left the queen a widow at a young age. Her adopted son, Damodar Rao, was denied the throne by the British East India Company under the Doctrine of Lapse, which disallowed rulers without a biological heir from passing on their lineage. The annexation of Jhansi ignited the spark of rebellion in Rani Lakshmi Bai, leading to her active participation in the revolt of 1857.

Role in the Indian Rebellion of 1857

Rani Lakshmi Bai’s resistance against British rule was instrumental in the 1857 uprising. She refused to cede Jhansi to the British, rallying her troops with the famous slogan, “Main apni Jhansi nahi dungi” (I will not give up my Jhansi). She trained an army of women, proving that gender was no barrier to bravery or leadership.


Rani Lakshmi Bai’s death in the Battle of Gwalior in 1858 was a significant blow to the rebellion, but her courage left an indelible mark on the fight for freedom. She was an epitome of bravery, a symbol of resistance, and a source of inspiration for future freedom fighters. Her story became a beacon of hope and a testament to the spirit of defiance against foreign rule.


Rani Lakshmi Bai’s life is a testament to her exceptional courage, strategic acumen, and unyielding dedication to her people. Her story transcends time, inspiring countless people to stand against injustice and oppression. Today, her life is not just a tale of bravery, but a lesson in leadership, resilience, and the power of conviction. She remains a beloved figure in Indian history, a symbol of female empowerment, and an enduring icon of India’s struggle for independence.

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11/08/2023 08:29 pm GMT

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