Essay on Untouchability

Students are often asked to write an essay on Untouchability in their schools and colleges. And if you’re also looking for the same, we have created 100-word, 250-word, and 500-word essays on the topic.

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100 Words Essay on Untouchability

Understanding Untouchability

Untouchability is a form of discrimination that has been practiced for centuries, mainly in India. It is based on the caste system, where certain people are considered ‘untouchable’ due to their low social status.

Effects of Untouchability

The untouchables, or Dalits, face many hardships. They are often denied basic rights like education, employment, and even clean water. This leads to poverty and a low quality of life.

Combating Untouchability

Untouchability is illegal in India today, but it still exists. Education and awareness are key to ending this practice. Everyone deserves respect and equal opportunities, regardless of their caste.

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250 Words Essay on Untouchability

Untouchability: A Historical Perspective

Untouchability, a social evil deeply rooted in the caste system of India, is a form of discrimination that segregates individuals based on their birth status. This age-old practice, originating from the Vedic period, has been a subject of intense scrutiny and criticism due to its violation of fundamental human rights.

The Social Implications of Untouchability

The practice of untouchability is not merely a form of discrimination but a systemic violation of equality and dignity. It perpetuates a cycle of poverty and social disadvantage, depriving the so-called ‘untouchables’ of their basic rights to education, employment, and social mobility.

Legislative Measures Against Untouchability

Recognizing the inhumanity of untouchability, the Indian Constitution, under Article 17, abolished it, declaring it a punishable offense. The Protection of Civil Rights Act, 1955, and the Scheduled Castes and Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act, 1989, further reinforce legal provisions against such discrimination.

The Role of Education and Awareness

While legal measures are crucial, eradication of untouchability requires a shift in societal mindset. Education plays a pivotal role in this regard, fostering empathy, understanding, and respect for all, irrespective of their caste or social status.


Untouchability, a manifestation of deep-seated prejudice and inequality, continues to be a pressing issue. Despite constitutional provisions, its eradication requires collective societal effort. Education, awareness, and a commitment to uphold human dignity are essential to obliterate this social stigma.

500 Words Essay on Untouchability


Untouchability is a deeply entrenched social evil that has pervaded societies across the world, with a particularly pronounced presence in the Indian subcontinent. It is a form of discrimination that segregates a section of society, deeming them ‘untouchable’ based on their birth into a specific caste or social group. This essay explores the historical origins, the contemporary implications, and potential solutions to this grave social issue.

Historical Context

Untouchability has its roots in the ancient caste system of India, where society was divided into four main castes or ‘Varnas’ – Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Vaishyas, and Shudras. The Shudras, often associated with menial labor, were considered ‘untouchable’ by the upper castes. This system was initially fluid, based on one’s profession, but over time, it became hereditary, and the lower castes were subjected to severe social ostracism and economic deprivation.

Implications of Untouchability

Untouchability perpetuates a cycle of poverty and marginalization. It restricts access to resources, opportunities, and basic human rights, thereby limiting the social and economic mobility of the ‘untouchable’ castes. This leads to their continued marginalization and poverty, creating a vicious cycle that is difficult to break.

Untouchability also has severe psychological implications. The stigmatization and humiliation faced by the ‘untouchables’ often result in low self-esteem, a sense of inferiority, and a lack of self-worth. This can lead to mental health issues and a diminished sense of identity.

Legal Measures and their Effectiveness

In an attempt to eradicate untouchability, legal measures have been implemented in various countries. In India, for instance, the constitution prohibits untouchability and provides for affirmative action to uplift the marginalized castes. However, despite these measures, untouchability persists, indicating that legal measures alone are insufficient.

The Role of Education

Education plays a critical role in combating untouchability. It can help break the cycle of poverty and marginalization by providing the ‘untouchables’ with skills and knowledge to improve their economic status. Moreover, education can foster social awareness and empathy, challenging deep-seated prejudices and promoting social harmony.


Untouchability is a complex issue that requires a multifaceted approach. Legal measures, while necessary, need to be complemented by social initiatives that challenge discriminatory attitudes and practices. Education, both formal and informal, can play a crucial role in this regard. It is imperative that societies worldwide work towards eradicating this social evil, ensuring dignity, equality, and justice for all.

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