Essay on Swami Dayanand Saraswati

Students are often asked to write an essay on Swami Dayanand Saraswati in their schools and colleges. And if you’re also looking for the same, we have created 100-word, 250-word, and 500-word essays on the topic.

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100 Words Essay on Swami Dayanand Saraswati

Early Life

Swami Dayanand Saraswati was born on 12th February 1824 in Gujarat, India. He was a Hindu religious leader and is known as the founder of the Arya Samaj.


He contributed immensely to society. He promoted equal rights, opposed caste discrimination, and advocated for women’s education. He also encouraged the study of Vedas.

Arya Samaj

In 1875, he founded Arya Samaj, a Hindu reform movement, promoting values like truth, righteousness, and simplicity.


His teachings continue to inspire millions globally. He passed away on 30th October 1883, but his work and ideas still live on.

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11/08/2023 08:54 pm GMT

250 Words Essay on Swami Dayanand Saraswati

Early Life and Education

Swami Dayanand Saraswati, born in 1824 in Tankara, Gujarat, was a profound scholar and a social reformer. His early life was marked by intense spiritual quest and rigorous education in Sanskrit, Vedas, and other Hindu scriptures.

Religious Reformation

Dayanand Saraswati was deeply troubled by the prevailing religious superstitions and ritualistic practices. He propagated the monotheistic Vedic philosophy, rejecting the worship of idols and polytheism. His teachings emphasized the importance of Dharma (righteousness), and he strongly advocated for a society free from caste discrimination and gender inequality.

Establishment of Arya Samaj

In 1875, Dayanand Saraswati founded the Arya Samaj, a socio-religious reform movement, to promote social equality and revive the teachings of the Vedas. The ten principles of the Arya Samaj, formulated by him, reflect his vision of a just and enlightened society.

Contribution to Indian Nationalism

Dayanand Saraswati’s teachings had a profound influence on the Indian Independence Movement. His call for ‘Swarajya’ (self-governance) inspired freedom fighters. He advocated for the use of Hindi and other regional languages in lieu of English to promote national unity.


Swami Dayanand Saraswati passed away in 1883, but his teachings continue to inspire and guide. His emphasis on reason, critical inquiry, and social reform have shaped modern Hinduism and Indian society significantly. His life and work stand as a testament to his indomitable spirit and enduring vision for a just society.

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11/08/2023 08:48 pm GMT

500 Words Essay on Swami Dayanand Saraswati


Swami Dayanand Saraswati, a prominent Indian religious scholar and the founder of the Arya Samaj, was a transformative figure in the 19th century. His contributions to Indian society and the Hindu religion have left an indelible mark on the cultural and religious landscape of the country. Saraswati’s teachings and philosophies continue to influence millions, and his reformist approach has been a beacon of light in the face of social and religious obscurity.

Early Life and Spiritual Awakening

Born in 1824 in the state of Gujarat, Dayanand Saraswati was initially named Mool Shankar by his parents. His spiritual journey began after witnessing a mouse eating the offerings to the God Shiva. This incident led him to question the efficacy of idol worship and the prevailing religious practices of the time. He left home at the age of 21 in search of truth and spiritual enlightenment, studying under various gurus before becoming a sannyasi and adopting the name Dayanand Saraswati.

Establishment of Arya Samaj

In 1875, Saraswati established the Arya Samaj, a socio-religious reform movement aimed at purifying Hinduism by discarding ritualistic and superstitious practices. The Samaj’s primary tenet was the infallibility of the Vedas, the ancient Hindu scriptures, and it promoted Vedic teachings as the source of true knowledge. The Samaj also advocated for social reforms, such as the abolition of caste discrimination, child marriage, and the practice of Sati, thereby playing a significant role in the upliftment of women and the marginalized.

Philosophical Contributions

Saraswati’s philosophy was rooted in the concept of ‘Vedantic Monism’. He believed in one supreme reality, Brahman, who is formless, infinite, and eternal. He rejected polytheism, idol worship, and the notion of heaven and hell, asserting that salvation could be achieved through knowledge and understanding of the self. His interpretation of the Vedas was rational and scientific, emphasizing the importance of reason and questioning in the pursuit of truth.

Saraswati’s Impact on Education

Saraswati was a strong proponent of education, particularly for women. He established Gurukuls or traditional schools that provided education to all, irrespective of caste or gender. He believed that education was the key to social reform and national progress. His efforts laid the foundation for the modern education system in India.


Swami Dayanand Saraswati was a visionary who challenged the status quo and brought about significant changes in Indian society. His teachings, emphasizing rational thinking, social equality, and the importance of education, have had a profound impact on the country. His legacy continues to inspire and guide millions, making him a true torchbearer of reform and enlightenment.

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11/08/2023 08:29 pm GMT

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