Essay on National Flag of India

Students are often asked to write an essay on National Flag of India in their schools and colleges. And if you’re also looking for the same, we have created 100-word, 250-word, and 500-word essays on the topic.

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100 Words Essay on National Flag of India


The National Flag of India is a symbol of pride, unity and integrity for all Indians. It is also known as the ‘Tiranga’ because it has three colors.


The Indian flag consists of three horizontal stripes of saffron, white, and green. The Ashoka Chakra, a 24-spoke wheel, is in navy blue at the center.


Each color and the chakra have a unique meaning. Saffron stands for courage, white for peace, green for fertility and the chakra represents the law of dharma.


The flag is respected by all and is hoisted on national festivals like Independence Day and Republic Day.

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250 Words Essay on National Flag of India


The National Flag of India, also known as the ‘Tiranga’, is a symbol of pride, unity, and integrity for every Indian. This tri-colored flag represents the rich history and cultural diversity of India, and carries a profound meaning and significance.

Symbology and Design

Designed by Pingali Venkayya, the Indian National Flag comprises three horizontal bands of equal width. The top band is saffron, symbolizing strength and courage. The middle band is white, representing peace and truth, with the Dharma Chakra (wheel of law) in navy blue at the center. The lower band is green, embodying fertility, growth, and auspiciousness of the land.

The Dharma Chakra

The Dharma Chakra, inspired by the Ashoka Chakra at Sarnath, manifests the eternal wheel of law. Its 24 spokes denote 24 hours of the day, reminding us of the relentless passage of time. It also signifies the path of righteousness and justice, which every Indian is expected to uphold.

Flag Protocol

The Indian National Flag is governed by a set of protocols to maintain its dignity. For instance, the flag must never touch the ground or be used for commercial purposes. These rules signify the respect and reverence accorded to the flag.


The National Flag of India is not merely a piece of cloth; it’s a symbol of our national pride, heritage, and shared values. As we salute the Tiranga, we pledge our allegiance to the unity, integrity, and diversity of our nation.

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11/08/2023 08:48 pm GMT

500 Words Essay on National Flag of India


The National Flag of India, also known as the ‘Tiranga’, is a symbol of pride, unity, and integrity for every Indian. It is not just a piece of cloth, but a representation of the country’s rich history, its struggle for freedom, and the aspirations of its people.

Design and Symbolism

The Indian National Flag is a horizontal tricolor of deep saffron at the top, white in the middle, and India green at the bottom in equal proportions. The saffron color represents courage, sacrifice, and the spirit of renunciation. The white stands for purity and truth, while the green signifies faith, fertility, and prosperity. At the center of the white band is a navy-blue wheel, the ‘Ashoka Chakra’, with 24 equally spaced spokes. The Chakra represents the eternal wheel of law and signifies the continuous progress of the nation.

Historical Evolution

The current flag is the result of a series of modifications over time. The first flag, hoisted on August 7, 1906, had three horizontal stripes of green, yellow, and red. The second flag, hoisted in Paris in 1907, was similar but had the addition of a ‘Vande Mataram’ inscription. The third flag went up in 1917 during the Home Rule movement. It was the first time the flag had a spinning wheel in the center. The present form was adopted on July 22, 1947, just before India’s independence.

Protocols and Respect

The flag is treated with profound respect and honor in India. The Flag Code of India, 2002, governs its usage, ensuring it is not misused or disrespected. It cannot be used for commercial purposes or as a drapery. When the flag is raised or lowered, or when it passes by in a parade, all persons present should face the flag and stand at attention.

Significance and Influence

The Indian National Flag serves as a source of immense pride for its citizens. It is hoisted on national holidays such as Republic Day, Independence Day, and Gandhi Jayanti, and on these occasions, it fills the hearts of Indians with patriotic fervor. Moreover, it also inspires Indian athletes who represent the country at international events. Seeing the flag unfurl after a victory is a moment of immense pride and joy.


In conclusion, the National Flag of India is not just a symbol, but the embodiment of the nation’s soul. It stands as a testament to India’s unity in diversity, its rich cultural heritage, and its relentless pursuit of progress. The Tiranga’s fluttering in the wind is a sight that evokes deep respect and love for the nation among Indians, reminding them of their duty towards the country.

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11/08/2023 08:29 pm GMT

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