Essay on Makar Sankranti

Students are often asked to write an essay on Makar Sankranti in their schools and colleges. And if you’re also looking for the same, we have created 100-word, 250-word, and 500-word essays on the topic.

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100 Words Essay on Makar Sankranti

Introduction to Makar Sankranti

Makar Sankranti is a significant Hindu festival celebrated with great enthusiasm in India. It marks the transition of the sun into the zodiac sign of Makara (Capricorn).

Significance of Makar Sankranti

It signifies the arrival of longer days, symbolizing light, knowledge, and wisdom. It is also a harvest festival, thanking nature for its abundance.

How is it Celebrated?

People fly kites, make bonfires, dance, and prepare special dishes like khichdi and sweets. It’s a day of joy and sharing, strengthening the bond of love and friendship.

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250 Words Essay on Makar Sankranti


Makar Sankranti, one of the most auspicious days in the Hindu calendar, is a festival that marks the transition of the sun into the zodiac sign of Makara (Capricorn). Celebrated with fervor across India, the festival signifies the arrival of spring and the end of the winter solstice.

Cultural Significance

Makar Sankranti is a solar event making it one of the few Indian festivals that fall on the same date in the Gregorian calendar every year: January 14. It is a festival of unity, reflecting the cultural vibrancy of India. The day is dedicated to the Sun God, Surya, symbolizing the ‘dispeller of darkness’, driving away ignorance and ushering in wisdom.

Celebrations Across India

The festival takes on different names and forms across the country. In Punjab, it is celebrated as Lohri, where bonfires are lit, signifying the burning of the winter chill. In Gujarat and Rajasthan, it is marked by the tradition of kite flying, symbolizing the reaching out to the divine. In Southern India, it is known as Pongal, a harvest festival, where the first rice of the season is offered to the Sun God.


Makar Sankranti is a festival that embodies the spirit of thanksgiving, a time to show gratitude towards nature. It is a celebration of life, harvest, and prosperity. The festival, despite its regional variations, carries a universal message of harmony, peace, and renewal, making it a truly pan-Indian occasion.

500 Words Essay on Makar Sankranti


Makar Sankranti, a major Hindu festival, is a celebration of nature, life, and new beginnings. It marks the transition of the sun into the zodiac sign of Makara (Capricorn) on its celestial path. This astronomical event signifies the arrival of longer days, heralding the onset of the harvest season. The festival, celebrated with great zeal and enthusiasm across India, reflects the country’s rich cultural diversity and traditions.

Astronomical Significance

Makar Sankranti is one of the few Indian festivals that follow the solar calendar, hence, it usually falls on the 14th or 15th of January every year. It marks the end of winter solstice, which leads to a gradual increase in the duration of the day. This is a period of great significance as it represents a phase of transition and transformation, symbolizing the discarding of the old and the ushering in of the new.

Cultural and Social Aspects

Makar Sankranti is celebrated with different customs and traditions in various parts of India. In Punjab, the festival is celebrated as Lohri, where bonfires are lit, and people gather around them, singing and dancing. In Gujarat and Rajasthan, the sky is filled with colorful kites as kite flying competitions are held. In the southern states, it is called Pongal, a four-day festival that includes boiling the first rice of the season as an offering to the Sun God.

Symbolism and Rituals

The festival of Makar Sankranti symbolizes ‘Sankraman’ or the transition. It is considered auspicious to take a holy dip in rivers like the Ganges, Yamuna, Godavari, Krishna, and Cauvery as it is believed to cleanse oneself of sins. The ritual of preparing and sharing Makar Sankranti special delicacies made of sesame seeds (til) and jaggery (gur) is practiced. This ritual signifies unity, love, and respect among individuals.

Ecological Significance

Makar Sankranti also underscores the importance of acknowledging and respecting nature. The practice of flying kites harnesses the wind element, and the bonfires during Lohri symbolize reverence to the fire element. The ritual of offering food to birds during this festival is a reminder of our harmonious coexistence with other species.


Makar Sankranti is not merely a festival; it is a celebration of life, nature, and relationships. It is a reminder of the cyclical nature of time and the constant change that is the essence of life. It encourages us to let go of past grudges, embrace change, and look forward to new beginnings with hope and positivity. The festival, with its rich cultural and traditional practices, teaches us the importance of gratitude, unity, and the celebration of life’s simple pleasures.

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