Essay on Lachit Borphukan

Students are often asked to write an essay on Lachit Borphukan in their schools and colleges. And if you’re also looking for the same, we have created 100-word, 250-word, and 500-word essays on the topic.

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100 Words Essay on Lachit Borphukan


Lachit Borphukan was a heroic figure from Assam, India. Born in 1622, he is remembered as a fearless warrior and a brilliant military strategist.

Military Career

Lachit served as the commander of the Ahom kingdom’s army. His leadership was instrumental in defending Assam during the Mughal invasion in 1671.


Lachit Borphukan’s courage and patriotism are still celebrated today. His birthday, Lachit Divas, is commemorated every year on November 24th in Assam. His life inspires many to value their cultural heritage and defend their homeland.

250 Words Essay on Lachit Borphukan


Lachit Borphukan was a notable commander and a patriot of the 17th century Ahom kingdom in Assam, India. He is celebrated for his leadership in the 1671 Battle of Saraighat that thwarted a drawn-out Mughal invasion.

Early Life and Rise to Power

Born into an aristocratic family, Borphukan was trained in the arts of warfare and statecraft. His acumen led him to be appointed as the ‘Scarlet Umbrella Bearer’, an important position in the Ahom court. His strategic prowess and dedication eventually earned him the title of Borphukan, the commander-in-chief of the Ahom army.

Defiance against the Mughals

The Mughals, in their quest for territorial expansion, posed a significant threat to the Ahom kingdom. Lachit Borphukan’s most notable contribution was his leadership during the Battle of Saraighat. Despite being outnumbered and ill, he led his forces with exceptional strategy and courage.


Borphukan’s victory at Saraighat is a testament to his tactical genius and indomitable spirit. His famous quote, “My uncle, do not grieve for my sickness. I will not die until I drive the Mughals out of Assam”, encapsulates his unwavering dedication to his homeland. His legacy continues to inspire generations and his contributions are celebrated annually on Lachit Divas.


Lachit Borphukan was not just a military genius but a symbol of resistance and patriotism. His life and actions serve as a reminder that courage and strategic intelligence can overcome even the mightiest of challenges. His story is a significant chapter in the history of Assam and India, underscoring the power of determination and leadership.

500 Words Essay on Lachit Borphukan

Introduction to Lachit Borphukan

Lachit Borphukan was a formidable military commander hailing from the Ahom kingdom in Assam, India. Born in 1622, he was instrumental in safeguarding the sovereignty of his kingdom against the Mughal Empire. His strategic acumen and unyielding spirit continue to inspire countless generations.

Early Life and Rise to Power

Lachit Borphukan was born into a noble family in Assam. His early education, deeply rooted in humanities, warfare, and administration, prepared him for a life of leadership. His rise to power was marked by his appointment as the “Scarlet Umbrella Bearer,” a prestigious position within the Ahom kingdom.

Role in the Battle of Saraighat

The Battle of Saraighat in 1671 was a turning point in Borphukan’s military career. Despite being outnumbered, Borphukan led the Ahom forces to a decisive victory against the Mughals. The battle was fought on the Brahmaputra river, and Borphukan’s strategic use of the river’s geography played a significant role in the Ahom victory.

Leadership and Strategy

Borphukan’s leadership was marked by his strategic foresight and ability to inspire his troops. His understanding of the terrain, local resources, and guerrilla warfare techniques were pivotal in countering the Mughal forces. Borphukan’s most famous quote, “My uncle, do not grieve for my sickness. One Lachit is enough to fight against the Mughals,” exemplifies his indomitable spirit.


Lachit Borphukan died a year after the Battle of Saraighat, but his legacy continues to resonate in Indian history. His leadership skills, strategic acumen, and dedication to his land and people are remembered and celebrated. The Indian government commemorates his contributions by observing Lachit Divas annually and has instituted the Lachit Borphukan Gold Medal for best cadet at the National Defence Academy.


Lachit Borphukan was not just a military commander, but also a symbol of resistance against foreign invasion. His contribution to preserving the cultural and political integrity of the Ahom kingdom is unparalleled. His life and victories serve as a testament to the power of strategic thinking, courage, and unwavering dedication to one’s homeland. In the face of overwhelming odds, Borphukan’s story reminds us that victory belongs to those who dare to defy and dream.

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