Essay on Indian Mathematician

Students are often asked to write an essay on Indian Mathematician in their schools and colleges. And if you’re also looking for the same, we have created 100-word, 250-word, and 500-word essays on the topic.

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100 Words Essay on Indian Mathematician


India is known for its rich heritage in mathematics. The field witnessed immense contributions from Indian mathematicians who laid the foundation for many mathematical concepts.

Ancient Times

In ancient times, Indian mathematicians like Aryabhata and Brahmagupta made significant contributions. Aryabhata, in the 5th century, introduced the concept of zero. Brahmagupta, in the 7th century, developed rules for arithmetic operations involving zero.

Modern Era

In the modern era, Srinivasa Ramanujan, a self-taught mathematician, made substantial contributions to number theory, infinite series, and continued fractions. His work continues to inspire mathematicians around the world.

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250 Words Essay on Indian Mathematician


India, a land of profound culture and history, has been a prominent contributor to the field of mathematics. The Indian mathematicians have significantly influenced the mathematical realm with their groundbreaking theories and concepts.

The Golden Era of Indian Mathematics

The golden era of Indian mathematics began in the ancient period with mathematicians like Aryabhata, Brahmagupta, and Bhaskara. Aryabhata, in his work Aryabhatiya, introduced the concept of zero, decimal system, and also provided an accurate approximation of pi. Brahmagupta, another mathematician of the same period, presented rules for dealing with zero and negative numbers.

Medieval Contributions

During the medieval period, mathematicians like Madhava of Sangamagrama made significant strides. Madhava, the founder of the Kerala School of Astronomy and Mathematics, pioneered the mathematical analysis and infinite series.

Modern Indian Mathematicians

In the modern era, the genius of Srinivasa Ramanujan stands unparalleled. Despite having no formal training, his work on number theory, continued fractions, and infinite series significantly impacted these areas. Another prominent figure is Harish-Chandra, who made substantial contributions to representation theory and harmonic analysis.


The legacy of Indian mathematicians is vast and inspiring. Their contributions have not only shaped the mathematical landscape but also have had far-reaching implications in various other disciplines. The journey of Indian mathematics, from the ancient era to the present, reflects the nation’s intellectual prowess and innovative spirit. The works of these mathematicians continue to inspire and motivate scholars worldwide.

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500 Words Essay on Indian Mathematician

The Legacy of Indian Mathematicians

India, with its rich and diverse historical background, has significantly contributed to various fields of knowledge, with mathematics being a prominent one. Indian mathematicians have been instrumental in pushing the boundaries of mathematical understanding and introducing concepts that continue to be foundational in modern mathematics.

Ancient Mathematical Prowess

The story of Indian mathematics begins with the Indus Valley Civilization. Archaeological findings suggest the use of a decimal number system and geometric shapes, demonstrating the early inhabitants’ advanced mathematical understanding.

The Vedic period brought forth the Sulba Sutras, which included geometric principles and the concept of irrational numbers. The idea of zero as a number and its integration into the place-value system was a revolutionary concept introduced by ancient Indian mathematicians, forming the cornerstone of modern arithmetic and algebra.

The Classical Age of Indian Mathematics

The classical age of Indian mathematics, spanning from the 5th to the 12th century, saw the rise of great mathematicians like Aryabhata, Brahmagupta, and Bhaskara. Aryabhata’s major work, Aryabhatiya, introduced the concepts of trigonometry, including sine and cosine, and the approximation of π. Brahmagupta, another influential figure, contributed to the understanding of integer solutions, known as Diophantine equations.

Bhaskara II, often considered the greatest in this line of mathematicians, made significant contributions in calculus and introduced the concept of differentials. His work, ‘Siddhanta Shiromani’, is a comprehensive exposition of mathematics and astronomy.

Modern Contributions

The legacy of Indian mathematicians continued into the modern era with Srinivasa Ramanujan, a self-taught mathematician, who made substantial contributions to mathematical analysis, number theory, and continued fractions. His work on the partition function and mock theta functions are still the subject of extensive research.

Another notable contribution was from Harish-Chandra, a theoretical physicist and mathematician, known for his work on representation theory and Harish-Chandra’s isomorphism theorem.


The history of Indian mathematics is a testament to the intellectual prowess of its mathematicians. Their contributions have not only shaped the discipline but also significantly influenced other fields such as physics, engineering, and computer science. As we continue to delve into the complexities of the mathematical world, the work of these Indian mathematicians serves as a guiding light, illuminating the path of discovery and innovation.

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11/09/2023 08:33 pm GMT

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