Essay on Human Rights in India

Students are often asked to write an essay on Human Rights in India in their schools and colleges. And if you’re also looking for the same, we have created 100-word, 250-word, and 500-word essays on the topic.

Let’s take a look…

100 Words Essay on Human Rights in India


Human rights are the basic rights and freedoms to which all individuals are entitled. In India, these rights are respected and protected by the constitution.

Constitutional Provisions

The Indian Constitution, under Part III, provides Fundamental Rights to all citizens. These include the right to equality, freedom, and protection against exploitation.

Human Rights Violations

Despite these provisions, there are instances of human rights violations in India. These range from gender discrimination to child labor and caste-based violence.

Role of Judiciary

The judiciary plays a crucial role in safeguarding human rights in India. It often intervenes when these rights are violated.


While challenges exist, India continues to strive for the protection and promotion of human rights. The collective effort of society and government is essential for this.

155 Modern Essays That Make You a Star in Exam

A collection of top essays on

  • great personalities
  • science & technology
  • society & social issues
  • sports & education
  • environment, ecology & climate
11/08/2023 08:54 pm GMT

250 Words Essay on Human Rights in India


India, the world’s largest democracy, has a deeply ingrained history of human rights that has evolved over centuries. The Indian Constitution, adopted in 1950, enshrines these rights, offering a broad spectrum of protections to its diverse population.

Constitutional Provisions

The Constitution of India provides fundamental rights that safeguard individual freedom and promote equality. These rights include the right to equality, freedom of speech and expression, protection against exploitation, the right to constitutional remedies, and religious and cultural freedoms. They are enforceable by the judiciary, ensuring a check against any possible violation.

Challenges and Controversies

Despite these robust protections, human rights in India face significant challenges. Issues like caste discrimination, gender inequality, child labor, and violations of tribal rights are persistent. Furthermore, the handling of dissent and freedom of speech, especially with the advent of social media, has been a matter of intense debate.

Role of Judiciary and NGOs

The judiciary, particularly the Supreme Court and High Courts, play a pivotal role in protecting human rights in India. They interpret the Constitution to expand the scope of fundamental rights. Non-governmental organizations (NGOs) also play a crucial role in raising awareness, reporting violations, and providing assistance to victims.


While India has a robust framework for the protection of human rights, implementation remains a challenge. The future of human rights in India hinges on the collective will of the government, judiciary, NGOs, and citizens to address these issues and ensure that the rights enshrined in the Constitution are not just theoretical but a lived reality for every Indian.

School Essays, Comprehension And Letters For Students

Packed in 152 Informative Pages

Buy Now
11/08/2023 08:48 pm GMT

500 Words Essay on Human Rights in India


Human rights, the fundamental privileges and freedoms to which all individuals are inherently entitled, are a cornerstone of civilized societies. In India, a diverse nation with a rich cultural tapestry and a history that spans millennia, the protection and promotion of human rights is a complex issue that intertwines with the country’s socio-political fabric.

The Constitutional Framework

The Indian Constitution, adopted in 1950, provides a robust framework for the protection of human rights. The Preamble itself enshrines key principles such as justice, liberty, equality, and fraternity. Further, Fundamental Rights (Part III of the Constitution) guarantee civil liberties, prohibiting discrimination on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex, or place of birth. These rights are enforceable by courts, buttressing the legal protection of human rights.

Challenges to Human Rights

Despite the constitutional safeguards, India faces significant challenges in ensuring human rights for all. Socio-economic disparities, gender inequality, caste-based discrimination, and religious intolerance are some of the issues that impede the realization of human rights.

Marginalized communities often bear the brunt of these challenges. For instance, the Dalits and tribal communities, despite legal protections, continue to face social ostracization and economic deprivation. Similarly, gender-based violence and discrimination remain pervasive, despite laws aimed at ensuring women’s rights.

Human Rights and State Actions

State actions have also been a point of contention in India’s human rights discourse. Issues such as police brutality, extrajudicial killings, and the misuse of laws have raised concerns about the state’s role in safeguarding versus violating human rights. The use of draconian laws like the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act (UAPA) and the Armed Forces Special Powers Act (AFSPA) has been criticized for their potential misuse and infringement on individuals’ rights.

Human Rights Institutions in India

To address these challenges, India has established various institutions. The National Human Rights Commission (NHRC), an autonomous public body constituted in 1993, plays a pivotal role in protecting and promoting human rights. Similarly, State Human Rights Commissions, Women’s Commissions, and the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes Commissions are instrumental in addressing specific human rights issues.


While significant strides have been made in upholding human rights in India, the journey is far from complete. It is a continuous process that requires societal transformation, effective implementation of laws, and the active participation of all stakeholders. The challenges are manifold, but so are the opportunities for progress. As India continues to grow and evolve, the protection and promotion of human rights will remain an integral part of its development narrative.

That’s it! I hope the essay helped you.

11/08/2023 08:29 pm GMT

If you’re looking for more, here are essays on other interesting topics:

Apart from these, you can look at all the essays by clicking here.

Happy studying!

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *