Essay on Harriet Tubman

Students are often asked to write an essay on Harriet Tubman in their schools and colleges. And if you’re also looking for the same, we have created 100-word, 250-word, and 500-word essays on the topic.

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100 Words Essay on Harriet Tubman


Harriet Tubman was a brave woman who fought for freedom. Born into slavery, she escaped and became a “conductor” on the Underground Railroad, helping others gain their freedom.

Early Life

Tubman was born in Maryland around 1822. As a child, she was forced to work hard and suffered from harsh treatment and conditions.

The Underground Railroad

In 1849, Tubman escaped to the North. She then risked her life by returning to the South many times to guide other slaves to freedom via the Underground Railroad.


Tubman is remembered as a hero. Her courage and dedication to freedom continue to inspire people today.

250 Words Essay on Harriet Tubman


Harriet Tubman, born as Araminta Ross around 1822, occupies a significant place in the annals of American history. Her life was a testament to the human spirit’s resilience, courage, and commitment to justice.

Early Life and Enslavement

Tubman was born into slavery in Maryland. She experienced the harsh realities of the institution, including physical violence and separation from her family. Despite these adversities, she never lost her resolve to attain freedom.

The Journey to Freedom

In 1849, Tubman made her daring escape from slavery, a journey fraught with danger. She utilized the Underground Railroad, a network of safe houses, to reach the free state of Pennsylvania. However, her quest for freedom did not end with her escape.

Conductor on the Underground Railroad

Tubman risked her newfound freedom to become a “conductor” on the Underground Railroad. She made numerous trips back to the South, leading hundreds of slaves, including her family members, to freedom. Her actions earned her the nickname “Moses”.

Later Life and Legacy

Tubman’s activism did not end with the abolition of slavery. She was a suffragette, advocating for women’s right to vote. She also established a home for elderly African Americans. Her legacy of resilience, bravery, and commitment to justice continues to inspire generations.

500 Words Essay on Harriet Tubman


Harriet Tubman, born into slavery in Maryland in the early 1820s, is a figure of great historical significance. Her life and accomplishments are a testament to courage, resilience, and a deep commitment to freedom and justice. As an abolitionist, a spy, a nurse, and a women’s suffrage advocate, Tubman’s legacy continues to inspire and challenge us today.

Early Life and Enslavement

Tubman, originally named Araminta “Minty” Ross, was born into a world where her life was not her own. She endured horrific conditions and brutal treatment, which included a severe head injury caused by an overseer. This injury resulted in lifelong health issues, including seizures and visions which she interpreted as divine revelations.

The Road to Freedom

In 1849, Tubman made the brave decision to escape her life of bondage. With the North Star as her guide and the help of the Underground Railroad – a network of safe houses established by abolitionists and sympathetic allies – she made her way to Philadelphia and freedom. However, her journey did not end there. Tubman made it her mission to liberate her family and others still trapped in the brutal system of slavery.

Conductor of the Underground Railroad

Tubman’s daring exploits earned her the nickname “Moses.” Risking her newfound freedom, she made approximately 13 trips back to the South, leading around 70 people to freedom. Her intimate knowledge of the land, her cunning, and her unshakeable resolve made her an effective conductor of the Underground Railroad.

Tubman in the Civil War

With the onset of the Civil War, Tubman’s role shifted from conductor to spy and nurse for the Union Army. She used her knowledge of the Southern terrain to guide Union troops, providing invaluable intelligence. As a nurse, she cared for the wounded, utilizing natural remedies learned during her time in slavery.

Later Life and Legacy

After the war, Tubman continued her fight for justice, advocating for women’s suffrage alongside figures like Susan B. Anthony. She died in 1913, leaving behind a legacy of courage, resilience, and an unyielding pursuit of freedom. Her life story continues to inspire, demonstrating the power of an individual to effect change, even in the face of overwhelming adversity.


Harriet Tubman’s life is a testament to the indomitable human spirit. Despite being born into a system designed to break her, she not only freed herself but also dedicated her life to liberating others. Her legacy continues to resonate, reminding us of the power of courage, resilience, and the enduring pursuit of justice and equality.

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