Essay on Harriet Tubman

Students are often asked to write an essay on Harriet Tubman in their schools and colleges. And if you’re also looking for the same, we have created 100-word and 250-word essays on the topic.

Let’s take a look…

100 Words Essay on Harriet Tubman


Harriet Tubman was an African American activist and abolitionist who fought for the freedom of enslaved people in the United States. She is remembered as one of the most influential figures in the history of civil rights.

Early Life

Tubman was born into slavery in Maryland in 1822. She suffered abuse and exploitation from a young age, and eventually escaped to freedom in 1849.

The Underground Railroad

Tubman became a leader in the Underground Railroad, a network of activists who helped slaves escape to free states. She made over 19 trips back to the South to rescue over 300 slaves, and guided them to freedom.


Tubman was a dedicated abolitionist who risked her life to help others. She was an inspiration to the civil rights movement, and her legacy lives on today.

250 Words Essay on Harriet Tubman


Harriet Tubman was an African-American abolitionist, humanitarian and a Union spy during the American Civil War. She was born into slavery in 1820 in Maryland and escaped to freedom in 1849. She is best remembered for her contribution to the Underground Railroad and leading hundreds of slaves to freedom, at great risk to her own life.

Early Life

Harriet was born Araminta Ross, but later changed her name to Harriet Tubman. She was one of nine children born to enslaved parents. During her childhood, she was subjected to physical violence and cruelty by her slave owners. Despite these hardships, she maintained a strong spirit and was determined to find freedom.

Underground Railroad

In 1849, Harriet escaped from slavery and made her way to Philadelphia. She became a key figure in the Underground Railroad, a network of secret routes and safe houses used by African-Americans to escape slavery. Tubman made frequent trips back to Maryland to rescue her family and other slaves. She is estimated to have saved over 300 slaves during her lifetime.

American Civil War

During the American Civil War, Tubman served as a Union spy, scout and nurse. She helped recruit African-American soldiers and even led a raid on a Confederate plantation. After the war, she became an advocate for women’s rights and worked to improve the lives of African-Americans.


Harriet Tubman is a true American hero. Her courage, determination, and resilience are an inspiration to all. She dedicated her life to the cause of freedom and her legacy will live on forever.

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