Essay on Election in India

Students are often asked to write an essay on Election in India in their schools and colleges. And if you’re also looking for the same, we have created 100-word, 250-word, and 500-word essays on the topic.

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100 Words Essay on Election in India


Elections in India symbolize the democratic nature of the country. They provide citizens the right to choose their leaders.


The Election Commission, an autonomous body, conducts elections. Adults aged 18 and above can vote.

Types of Elections

India has three types of elections: Lok Sabha, Rajya Sabha, and State Legislative Assemblies.


Elections ensure people’s participation in governance. They uphold the principle of equality as every vote counts.


Elections in India are a powerful tool for people to express their views and choose their government.

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250 Words Essay on Election in India


India, the world’s largest democracy, has a multi-tiered system of government, reflecting its federal structure. The heart of this democratic setup lies in its elections, a robust process that enables citizens to exercise their right to vote and choose their representatives.

Electoral System

India follows a parliamentary system of government, which is federal in structure with unitary features. The President of India is the constitutional head, while real power resides with the Prime Minister. Elections in India occur at national, state, and local levels. The Election Commission of India, an autonomous constitutional authority, is responsible for administering election processes.

Electoral Process

Elections in India follow the first-past-the-post system. In this system, the candidate with the most votes in a constituency wins, irrespective of whether they secure a majority. This system has been criticized for not accurately reflecting the voters’ will, leading to discussions about potential alternatives like proportional representation.

Challenges and Reforms

Elections in India face numerous challenges, including electoral fraud, voter intimidation, and money power. The Election Commission has introduced several reforms to combat these issues, such as Electronic Voting Machines (EVMs) and Voter-Verified Paper Audit Trails (VVPATs). However, the effectiveness of these measures remains a subject of debate.


Despite the challenges, elections in India symbolize the strength and vitality of its democracy. They represent the voice of over a billion people, making them a significant global event. Continuous efforts are required to improve the electoral process and ensure that it remains free, fair, and inclusive.

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11/09/2023 08:53 pm GMT

500 Words Essay on Election in India

Introduction to Indian Elections

Elections in India are a grand affair, often referred to as the “festival of democracy.” They represent the democratic ethos and constitutional principles that the nation is built upon. The Indian election system is a complex process, with multiple layers of representation, from local to national levels.

Structural Framework

India follows a federal structure of governance, though the election process is largely centralized. The Election Commission of India (ECI), an autonomous constitutional authority, is responsible for administering election processes in the country. Elections are conducted at different levels: Panchayat (village level), Municipal (city level), State (provincial level), and Lok Sabha (national level).

Electoral Process

The electoral process begins with the delimitation of constituencies, which are geographical territories from which candidates are elected. Each constituency represents a seat in the respective legislative body. The ECI maintains an electoral roll, a list of all eligible voters, which is updated periodically.

Voting System

India follows the ‘First Past The Post’ (FPTP) system. In this system, the candidate receiving the highest number of votes in a constituency is declared the winner, irrespective of the vote share. While FPTP allows for clear winners, it has been criticized for not truly reflecting the proportional representation of voters’ choices.

Role of Political Parties

Political parties play a crucial role in Indian elections. They are the primary vehicles for political mobilization and policy debate. The two main national parties are the Indian National Congress (INC) and the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), but regional parties also wield significant influence, reflecting India’s diverse socio-cultural fabric.

Challenges in Indian Elections

Despite the robustness of the electoral system, Indian elections face several challenges. These include issues of money and muscle power, electoral violence, and the misuse of state machinery. Further, the problem of criminalization in politics, with many candidates facing serious criminal charges, undermines the democratic ethos.

Reforms and the Way Forward

The ECI has introduced several reforms to address these challenges. The use of Electronic Voting Machines (EVMs) and the introduction of Voter Verifiable Paper Audit Trail (VVPAT) have improved the transparency and integrity of the process. The NOTA (None of the Above) option empowers voters to reject all candidates.

However, further reforms are needed. These could include state funding of elections to curb the misuse of money power, stronger laws to prevent criminalization in politics, and perhaps a shift towards a system of proportional representation to better reflect the diversity of voter preferences.


Indian elections, with their scale and complexity, are a testament to the country’s vibrant democracy. Despite the challenges, they offer a platform for the expression of popular will and the peaceful transition of power. They are a reminder of the power of the ballot, and the responsibility that comes with it, in shaping the future of the world’s largest democracy.

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11/09/2023 08:33 pm GMT

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