Students are often asked to write an essay on Constitution of India in their schools and colleges. And if you’re also looking for the same, we have created 100-word, 250-word, and 500-word essays on the topic.
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100 Words Essay on Constitution of India
The Constitution of India is a significant document that outlines the country’s political code, structure, procedures, and powers. It is the longest written constitution in the world.
The constitution was adopted on 26th November 1949 and came into effect on 26th January 1950. Dr. B.R. Ambedkar was the chief architect.
It declares India as a sovereign, socialist, secular, and democratic republic. It also provides for a parliamentary system of government which is federal in structure.
The Constitution of India serves as the guiding light, ensuring justice, equality, and fraternity among its citizens.
250 Words Essay on Constitution of India
The Constitution of India, the world’s lengthiest written constitution, is the supreme law of India. It lays the framework demarcating fundamental political principles, establishes the structure, procedures, powers, and duties of the government institutions, and sets out fundamental rights, directive principles, and duties of citizens.
Drafted by the Constituent Assembly, which was elected for undivided India, the Constitution was adopted on 26th November 1949 and came into effect on 26th January 1950, replacing the Government of India Act (1935). The drafting committee, chaired by Dr. B. R. Ambedkar, is credited for the constitution’s formulation.
Features of the Constitution
The Constitution declares India a sovereign, socialist, secular, and democratic republic, assuring its citizens justice, equality, and liberty, and promoting fraternity. It provides a parliamentary system of government, federal in structure with unitary features.
Amendments and Adaptability
The Constitution is a living document with a dynamic approach. As of 2021, it has been amended 105 times, reflecting its flexibility. The amendment procedure is detailed in Article 368, allowing changes to meet the evolving socio-political needs.
The Indian Constitution is not merely a legal document but a vehicle of the nation’s life. It reflects the aspirations and values of its people. Despite its imperfections and criticisms, it has served as a robust framework guiding India’s progress and upholding its democratic ethos.
Packed in 152 Informative Pages
500 Words Essay on Constitution of India
The Constitution of India is a symbol of the nation’s sovereignty, outlining the framework that defines political principles, establishes the structure, procedures, powers, and duties of government institutions, and sets out the fundamental rights, directive principles, and duties of citizens. Adopted on 26th November 1949 and put into effect on 26th January 1950, it replaced the Government of India Act (1935) as the governing document of India.
Historical Background and Framing of the Constitution
The decision to frame a constitution for India was made in 1934 by the Indian National Congress. The drafting committee, chaired by Dr. B.R. Ambedkar, was constituted in 1947. The committee took nearly three years to draft the constitution, drawing inspiration from various sources including the British, American, Australian, Canadian, and Irish constitutions, as well as the French Declaration of the Rights of Man.
Features of the Indian Constitution
The Indian Constitution is the world’s lengthiest written constitution, with a preamble and 470 articles, which are grouped into 25 parts with 12 schedules and five appendices. It declares India a sovereign, socialist, secular, and democratic republic, assuring its citizens of justice, equality, and liberty, and endeavors to promote fraternity among them.
The Constitution provides for a parliamentary form of government, which is federal in structure with unitary features. It also provides for a bicameral legislature consisting of an Upper House (Rajya Sabha), and a Lower House (Lok Sabha). The President of India is the head of state, while the Prime Minister is the head of government.
Directive Principles and Fundamental Rights
The Constitution of India guarantees six fundamental rights to its citizens: right to equality, right to freedom, right against exploitation, right to freedom of religion, cultural and educational rights, and right to constitutional remedies. These rights are aimed at ensuring individual liberty and equality.
The Directive Principles of State Policy, on the other hand, are guidelines for the framing of laws by the government. These principles, though non-justiciable, aim to establish social and economic democracy, complementing the political democracy guaranteed by the fundamental rights.
Amendments to the Constitution
The Constitution of India has a provision for amendments to maintain its relevance. These amendments are carried out under Article 368. Till now, the constitution has been amended 104 times, reflecting the dynamic nature of the constitution.
The Constitution of India has stood the test of time, accommodating the changing needs of a growing nation. It has served as a robust framework guiding the country through its journey as a democratic republic. As the supreme law of the land, it continues to protect the rights of citizens and uphold the values of justice, equality, and liberty.
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