Essay on Bihu Festival

Students are often asked to write an essay on Bihu Festival in their schools and colleges. And if you’re also looking for the same, we have created 100-word, 250-word, and 500-word essays on the topic.

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100 Words Essay on Bihu Festival


Bihu is a significant festival celebrated in Assam, a state in India. It marks the change in seasons and is celebrated three times a year.

The Three Bihus

The festival is divided into three parts: Rongali or Bohag Bihu, Kongali or Kati Bihu, and Bhogali or Magh Bihu. Each represents a unique phase of the farming calendar.


Bihu symbolizes the harmony between humans and nature. It’s a time for people to come together, share meals, dance, and enjoy music. It’s a vibrant display of Assamese culture.


Bihu brings joy and love, uniting communities and strengthening bonds. It’s a true representation of India’s rich cultural diversity.

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250 Words Essay on Bihu Festival


Bihu is an intrinsic part of Assamese culture, celebrated with immense enthusiasm and joy. It is not just a festival, but a series of three distinct cultural events marking different phases of the agricultural calendar.

The Three Bihus

The first, Bohag Bihu or Rongali Bihu, is celebrated in April, marking the Assamese New Year and the onset of the sowing season. The second, Kati Bihu or Kongali Bihu, observed in October, is a solemn event signifying the completion of sowing and transplanting of paddies. The third, Magh Bihu or Bhogali Bihu, celebrated in January, marks the end of the harvesting period.

Cultural Significance

Bihu symbolizes the harmonious relationship between humans and nature. It brings together people of all ages, castes, and religions. The festival is characterized by Bihu dance, a lively and rhythmic form of dance accompanied by traditional Assamese music.

Bihu Dance and Music

The Bihu dance, performed by both men and women, is characterized by brisk steps, rapid hand movements, and a rhythmic swaying of hips to denote youthful passion. The music is typically played with traditional instruments such as the dhol, pepa, and taal.


Bihu is a testament to the rich cultural heritage of Assam. The festival, with its vibrant dance and music, not only celebrates the agricultural cycle but also strengthens the bond of community, fostering unity and harmony. It is a beautiful amalgamation of tradition, culture, and the spirit of togetherness.

500 Words Essay on Bihu Festival

Introduction to Bihu Festival

The Bihu festival, an integral part of Assamese culture, is a series of three prominent festivals celebrated primarily in the Indian state of Assam. The term ‘Bihu’ is derived from the Sanskrit word ‘Bishu,’ which translates to ‘asking for prosperity from the Gods during the harvest season.’ The festival’s essence is deeply rooted in the agrarian lifestyle of the region, celebrating the stages of cultivation.

The Three Bihus: Rongali, Kongali, and Bhogali

The Bihu festival is observed at different times of the year, each marking a significant agricultural phase. Rongali or Bohag Bihu, celebrated in mid-April, heralds the Assamese New Year and the onset of the sowing season. Kongali or Kati Bihu, observed in mid-October, signifies the completion of sowing and transplanting of paddies. Bhogali or Magh Bihu, held in mid-January, marks the end of the harvesting period.

Rituals and Celebrations

Bihu celebrations are marked by feasts, music, and dance. The festivities begin with the ritual of ‘Goru Bihu,’ where the farm cattle are bathed and worshipped. This is followed by ‘Manuh Bihu,’ when people wear new clothes, exchange gifts, and seek blessings from elders.

The highlight of Bihu is the ‘Bihu dance,’ a lively folk dance performed by both men and women to the rhythmic beats of the ‘dhol,’ a type of drum. The ‘Bihu Geet,’ traditional songs sung during the festival, narrate tales of love and reflect the day-to-day life of the rural populace.

Bihu and Assamese Identity

The Bihu festival is more than just a celebration; it is a symbol of Assamese identity and cultural heritage. It brings together people from different religions, castes, and backgrounds, promoting unity and brotherhood. The festival’s rituals and customs offer a glimpse into the rich, agrarian lifestyle of Assam.

Modern Day Bihu and Its Significance

In the contemporary world, Bihu has transcended the boundaries of Assam and is celebrated globally by Assamese communities. The festival’s essence has remained intact, with traditional rituals being fervently followed, even in urban settings.

Moreover, Bihu’s significance extends beyond cultural preservation. The festival’s focus on agriculture underscores the importance of sustainable farming practices, a pertinent issue in today’s world grappling with climate change and environmental degradation.


The Bihu festival, with its vibrant celebrations, is a testament to Assam’s rich cultural tapestry. It is an amalgamation of community, culture, and agriculture, reflecting the harmonious coexistence of man and nature. As we move towards an increasingly globalized world, the preservation and promotion of such indigenous festivals is essential in maintaining cultural diversity and fostering global understanding.

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