Difference between Microwave and Oven

When it comes to cooking, there are many appliances to choose from, including microwaves and ovens.

The main difference is that microwaves use electromagnetic waves to heat up food quickly while ovens use convection or thermal radiation to cook food.

Before we move to the differences, let’s understand what are Microwave and Oven:

  • Microwave: A microwave is an appliance that uses microwave radiation to heat up food. It works by using an electromagnetic field to create friction between the water molecules in food, which heats up the food quickly.
  • Oven: An oven is an appliance that uses either convection or thermal radiation to cook food. Convection ovens use a fan to circulate hot air around the food, while thermal radiation ovens use heating elements to cook the food.

Microwave vs Oven

Now, let’s move to Microwave vs Oven:

Major differences between Microwave and Oven

Microwave Oven
Microwaves are great for reheating leftovers or cooking frozen meals. Ovens are better for baking or roasting.
Microwaves can heat up food unevenly. Ovens distribute heat evenly throughout the food.
Microwaves heat up food quickly. Ovens take longer to cook food thoroughly.
A microwave has limited temperature control options. An oven allows you to choose the temperature you want to cook your food at.
Microwave cooking outcomes are usually steaming, boiling, or warming. Ovens can produce baked, roasted, grilled, or broiled outcomes.

That’s it.

Note that sometimes, the question might also be asked as “distinguish between Microwave and Oven”.

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Final words

Both microwaves and ovens are used for cooking, they work in different ways and have their own advantages and disadvantages. Depending on what you’re cooking and how much time you have, you may prefer to use one over the other.

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