Difference between Hill and Mountain

Hill and mountain are two different types of landforms. The difference between hills and mountains is most often seen from an aerial view, but there are also differences in their composition, formation process and erosion rate.

The main difference between a hill and a mountain is their height. A hill is a low, rounded or elongated top of a geological feature that rises above the surrounding terrain, while a mountain is a tall and steep hill or a large massif of rock.

Before we move to the differences, let’s understand what are Hill and Mountain:

  • Hill: A hill is a natural elevation of the earth’s surface. Hills may be formed by tectonic forces, erosion, or other processes.
  • Mountain: A mountain is a landform that rises above the surrounding land in a limited area. Mountains are formed through tectonic activity and erosion by rivers, glaciers, or other geological forces.

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Hill vs Mountain

Now, let’s move to Hill vs Mountain:

Major differences between Hill and Mountain

Hill Mountain
A hill is a small, rounded elevation of land that is smaller than a mountain. Mountains are large landforms that have steep slopes and generally rise above the surrounding landscape.
Hills can be found throughout the world, but they are most common in areas with low elevations and flat topography. Mountains can be found on all continents except Antarctica, although they are most common in mountainous regions like the Himalayas.
Hills are usually round. Mountains are usually pointy at the top and go straight up.
Hills might have trees on them. Mountains almost never have trees on them because they’re too cold for trees to grow there.
It’s usually only one or two hundred feet tall, but it can vary depending on its location. Mountains rises more than a thousand feet above its surroundings. It’s usually at least 2,000 feet high. A mountain can be made of rock or ice.


That’s it.

Note that sometimes, the question might also be asked as “distinguish between Hill and Mountain”.

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Final words

In conclusion, we have touched on some of the major differences between mountains and hills.

Mountains are generally higher than hills, and they are more likely to have steep slopes. On the other hand, hills may be considered mountains if they have a certain height.

In addition, mountains usually have rocky terrain, while hills tend to be covered with soil and grass.

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