A List of All the Spacecrafts Launched by the ISRO

List of Indian Spacecrafts Launched by ISRO

ISRO has launched more than 100 Spacecrafts since its establishment in 1969.

ISRO stands for Indian Space Research Organisation which is a space agency owned by the Government of India and was established by Vikram Sarabhai on 15th August 1969.

After establishment, it launched its very first experimental spacecraft named Aryabhata on 19 April 1975. And, after that 100+ satellites have been launched by the agency till date.

In this blog post, I will be providing you with the list of name of all the satellites launched by the ISRO along with their date of launch, orbit type and application in the real world.

There are some shortcut satellite-related terms used in the table which you can find detailed information about at the end of the post.

So, here we go…

ISRO Satellite Launch View

ISRO Satellite Launch View

 

Recommended: Modern Indian History #MasterArticle

Spacecrafts Launched by ISRO List

Sl.Spacecraft NameLaunch DateOrbit TypeApplication
1Aryabhata19-Apr-1975Experimental
2Bhaskara-I7-Jun-1979LEOEarth Observation,
Experimental
3Rohini Technology
Payload (RTP)
10-Aug-1979
4Rohini Satellite RS-118-Jul-1980
5Rohini Satellite RS-D131-May-1981LEOEarth Observation
6APPLE19-Jun-1981GSOCommunication,
Experimental
7Bhaskara-II20-Nov-1981LEOEarth Observation,
Experimental
8INSAT-1A10-Apr-1982GSOCommunication
9Rohini Satellite RS-D217-Apr-1983LEOEarth Observation
10INSAT-1B30-Aug-1983GSOCommunication
11SROSS-124-Mar-1987Experimental
12IRS-1A17-Mar-1988SSPOEarth Observation
13SROSS-213-Jul-1988Earth Observation,
Experimental
14INSAT-1C22-Jul-1988GSOCommunication
15INSAT-1D12-Jun-1990GSOCommunication
16IRS-1B29-Aug-1991SSPOEarth Observation
17SROSS-C20-May-1992Experimental
18INSAT-2A10-Jul-1992GSOCommunication
19INSAT-2B23-Jul-1993GSOCommunication
20IRS-1E20-Sep-1993LEOEarth Observation
21SROSS-C24-May-1994Experimental
22IRS-P215-Oct-1994SSPOEarth Observation
23INSAT-2C7-Dec-1995GSOCommunication
24IRS-1C28-Dec-1995SSPOEarth Observation
25IRS-P321-Mar-1996SSPOEarth Observation
26INSAT-2D4-Jun-1997GSOCommunication
27IRS-1D29-Sep-1997SSPOEarth Observation
28INSAT-2E3-Apr-1999GSOCommunication
29Oceansat(IRS-P4)26-May-1999SSPOEarth Observation
30INSAT-3B22-Mar-2000GSOCommunication
31GSAT-118-Apr-2001GSOCommunication
32The Technology Experiment
Satellite (TES)
22-Oct-2001SSPOEarth Observation
33INSAT-3C24-Jan-2002GSOClimate & Environment, Communication
34KALPANA-112-Sep-2002GSOClimate & Environment, Communication
35INSAT-3A10-Apr-2003GSOClimate & Environment, Communication
36GSAT-28-May-2003GSOCommunication
37INSAT-3E28-Sep-2003GSOCommunication
38IRS-P6 / RESOURCESAT-117-Oct-2003SSPOEarth Observation
39EDUSAT20-Sep-2004GSOCommunication
40CARTOSAT-15-May-2005SSPOEarth Observation
41HAMSAT5-May-2005SSPOCommunication
42INSAT-4A22-Dec-2005GSOCommunication
43INSAT-4C10-Jul-2006GSOCommunication
44SRE-110-Jan-2007SSPOExperimental
45CARTOSAT-210-Jan-2007SSPOEarth Observation
46INSAT-4B12-Mar-2007GSOCommunication
47INSAT-4CR2-Sep-2007GSOCommunication
48IMS-128-Apr-2008SSPOEarth Observation
49CARTOSAT – 2A28-Apr-2008SSPOEarth Observation
50Chandrayaan-122-Oct-2008LunarPlanetary Observation
51RISAT-220-Apr-2009SSPOEarth Observation
52Oceansat-223-Sep-2009SSPOClimate & Environment,
Earth Observation
53GSAT-415-Apr-2010GSOCommunication
54CARTOSAT-2B12-Jul-2010SSPOEarth Observation
55GSAT-5P25-Dec-2010GSOCommunication
56YOUTHSAT20-Apr-2011SSPOStudent Satellite
57RESOURCESAT-220-Apr-2011SSPOEarth Observation
58GSAT-821-May-2011GEOCommunication, Navigation
59GSAT-1215-Jul-2011GSOCommunication
60Megha-Tropiques12-Oct-2011SSPOClimate & Environment,
Earth Observation
61RISAT-126-Apr-2012SSPOEarth Observation
62GSAT-1029-Sep-2012GEOCommunication, Navigation
63SARAL25-Feb-2013SSPOClimate & Environment,
Earth Observation
64IRNSS-1A1-Jul-2013GSONavigation
65INSAT-3D26-Jul-2013GSOClimate & Environment,
Disaster Management System
66GSAT-730-Aug-2013GSOCommunication
67Mars Orbiter Mission
Spacecraft
5-Nov-2013MartianPlanetary Observation
68GSAT-145-Jan-2014GSOCommunication
69IRNSS-1B4-Apr-2014GSONavigation
70IRNSS-1C16-Oct-2014GEONavigation
71GSAT-167-Dec-2014GSOCommunication
72Crew module Atmospheric
Re-entry Experiment (CARE)
18-Dec-2014Experimental
73IRNSS-1D28-Mar-2015GSONavigation
74GSAT-627-Aug-2015GTOCommunication
75Astrosat28-Sep-2015Space Science
76GSAT-1511-Nov-2015GEOCommunication, Navigation
77IRNSS-1E20-Jan-2016GSONavigation
78IRNSS-1F10-Mar-2016GEONavigation
79IRNSS-1G28-Apr-2016GEONavigation
80CARTOSAT-2 Series
Satellite
22-Jun-2016SSPOEarth Observation
81INSAT-3DR8-Sep-2016GSOClimate & Environment,
Disaster Management System
82SCATSAT-126-Sep-2016SSPOClimate & Environment
83GSAT-186-Oct-2016GSOCommunication
84RESOURCESAT-2A7-Dec-2016SSPOEarth Observation
85INS-1A15-Feb-2017SSPOExperimental
86Cartosat -2 Series
Satellite
15-Feb-2017SSPOEarth Observation
87INS-1B15-Feb-2017SSPOExperimental
88GSAT-95-May-2017GSOCommunication
89GSAT-195-Jun-2017GSOCommunication
90Cartosat-2 Series
Satellite
23-Jun-2017SSPOEarth Observation
91GSAT-1729-Jun-2017GTOCommunication
92IRNSS-1H31-Aug-2017Navigation
93INS-1C12-Jan-2018SSPOExperimental
94Cartosat-2 Series
Satellite
12-Jan-2018SSPOEarth Observation
95Microsat12-Jan-2018SSPOExperimental
96GSAT-6A29-Mar-2018GSOCommunication
97IRNSS-1I12-Apr-2018GSONavigation
98GSAT-2914-Nov-2018GTOCommunication
99HysIS29-Nov-2018SSPOEarth Observation
100GSAT-11 Mission5-Dec-2018GTOCommunication
101GSAT-7A19-Dec-2018Communication
102Microsat-R24-Jan-2019SSPO
103GSAT-316-Feb-2019GTOCommunication
104EMISAT1-Apr-2019SSPO
105RISAT-2B22-May-2019LEODisaster Management System,
Earth Observation

Types of ISRO Spacecrafts

Mainly, there are 7 types of satellites used by ISRO, which are:

  1. Communication Satellites
  2. Earth Observation Satellites
  3. Scientific Spacecraft
  4. Navigation Satellites
  5. Experimental Satellites
  6. Small Satellites
  7. Student Satellites
PSLV - C35 Launchpad View

PSLV – C35 Launchpad View

 

List of Unsuccessful and Failed Satellites

Yes, 11 out of these 105 spacecrafts have been either failed during the launch or failed in the orbit.

8 spacecrafts were not able to be launched, which are:

  1. Rohini Technology Payload – RTP (1979)
  2. SROSS-1 (1987)
  3. SROSS-2 (1988)
  4. IRS-1E (1993)
  5. INSAT-4C (2006)
  6. GSAT-4 (2010)
  7. GSAT-5P (2010)
  8. IRNSS-1H (2017)

And, 3 spacecrafts were failed in the orbit, which are:

  1. INSAT-1A (1982)
  2. INSAT-1C (1988) [Partial Failure]
  3. INSAT-2D (1997)

Full Forms of the Spacecraft Names

ISRO spacecraft names abbreviation:

  1. APPLE – Ariane Passenger PayLoad Experiment
  2. INSAT – Indian National Satellite
  3. SROSS – Stretched Rohini Satellite Series
  4. IRS – Indian Remote Sensing
  5. GSAT – Geosynchronous Satellite
  6. EDUSAT – Educational Satellite
  7. HAMSAT – Amateur Radio Operator Satellite
  8. CARTOSAT – Cartographic Satellite
  9. SRE – Space Capsule Recovery Experiment
  10. IMS – Indian Mini Satellite
  11. RISAT – Radar Imaging Satellite
  12. SARAL – Satellite with ARgos and ALtiKa
  13. IRNSS – Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System
  14. SCATSAT – Scatterometer Satellite
  15. HySIS – Hyperspectral Imaging Satellite
  16. EMISAT – Electromagnetic Intelligence-gathering Satellite

Full Forms of the Launch Vehicles Names

There are mainly 4 types of launch vehicle ISRO has, which are:

  1. SLV – Satellite Launch Vehicle
  2. ASLV – Augmented Satellite Launch Vehicle
  3. PSLV – Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle
  4. GSLV – Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle

ISRO Launch Vehicles

Full Forms of the Orbit Types

ISRO orbit type abbreviation:

  1. LEO – Low Earth Orbit
  2. GSO – Geosynchronous Orbit
  3. SSPO – Sun-Synchronous Polar Orbit
  4. GEO – Geosynchronous Equatorial Orbit
  5. GTO – Geosynchronous Transfer Orbit

Wrapping it up

Despite the low yearly budget, as compared to the other world level space agencies, ISRO has achieved a lot. Recently, it has also been testing its mission to Moon (Chandrayaan 2) which the whole world was excited about.

So, that’s it.

If you want to download a beautiful PDF of the list of all the satellites/spacecrafts launched by the Indian Space Agency ISRO, then click here.

And, if you have any related query, feel free to let me know in the comments right now.

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