Essay on Taj Mahal

Students are often asked to write an essay on Taj Mahal in their schools and colleges. And if you’re also looking for the same, we have created 100-word, 250-word, and 500-word essays on the topic.

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100 Words Essay on Taj Mahal


The Taj Mahal, an iconic symbol of love, is situated in Agra, India. Built by Emperor Shah Jahan, it’s a tribute to his beloved wife, Mumtaz Mahal.


The Taj Mahal is a stunning example of Mughal architecture. Made of white marble, it’s adorned with intricate carvings and precious gemstones.


The Taj Mahal is not just a monument, but a symbol of love and devotion. It’s a UNESCO World Heritage Site and attracts millions of visitors each year.


The Taj Mahal, with its timeless beauty and emotional depth, continues to captivate hearts worldwide.

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250 Words Essay on Taj Mahal


The Taj Mahal, a timeless embodiment of love, stands majestically on the southern bank of the Yamuna River in Agra, India. Commissioned in 1632 by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan, it was built in memory of his beloved wife, Mumtaz Mahal.

Architectural Marvel

The Taj Mahal, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is a paragon of Mughal architecture, an artistic amalgamation of Persian, Ottoman, Indian, and Islamic architectural styles. Its symmetrical structure, embellished with intricate carvings and precious gemstones, is a testament to the architectural prowess of the era. The central focus is the white marble dome, an engineering feat that culminates in a brass finial.

Symbol of Eternal Love

The Taj Mahal transcends the physical realm and serves as a symbol of eternal love. The ethereal beauty of this mausoleum immortalizes Shah Jahan’s love for Mumtaz Mahal, making it a poignant reminder of the human capacity for profound attachment.

Environmental Concerns

However, the Taj Mahal faces significant threats from environmental pollution. Acid rain, primarily from the Mathura Oil Refinery, has been discoloring the once pristine white marble. This issue underscores the importance of preserving our shared cultural heritage in the face of industrial progress.


The Taj Mahal, a jewel of Muslim art in India, is more than just an architectural masterpiece. It is a testament to the timeless nature of love, a symbol of a rich historical era, and a reminder of the pressing need for sustainable development. As we marvel at its beauty, let us also commit to its preservation for future generations.

500 Words Essay on Taj Mahal


The Taj Mahal, a symbol of love and an architectural marvel, is one of the Seven Wonders of the World. Situated in the city of Agra, India, it attracts millions of visitors from around the globe each year. This essay explores the history, architecture, and cultural significance of the Taj Mahal.

Historical Background

The Taj Mahal was built in the 17th century by the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his beloved wife, Mumtaz Mahal. Construction began in 1632 and took approximately 22 years to complete, involving over 20,000 workers. The mausoleum serves as a testament to the emperor’s profound love and grief, immortalizing their story in the form of an architectural masterpiece.

Architectural Splendor

The Taj Mahal is an epitome of Mughal architecture, a style that combines elements from Persian, Islamic, and Indian architectural styles. The main structure is made of white marble, which appears to change color depending on the light conditions. The intricate carvings, semi-precious stones inlay, and the symmetry of its structure showcase the skilled craftsmanship of the era.

The complex consists of a main gateway, a garden, a mosque, a guesthouse, and the mausoleum itself. The mausoleum is flanked by four minarets, each standing 40 meters tall. The central dome, the most spectacular feature, rises 35 meters from the base and is surrounded by four smaller domes.

Cultural Significance

The Taj Mahal is not just an architectural wonder but also a cultural treasure. It is a symbol of India’s rich history and cultural heritage. The monument has been recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1983, preserving its glory for future generations.

The Taj Mahal is also a symbol of love and devotion. The story of Shah Jahan and Mumtaz Mahal has touched the hearts of people worldwide, making the Taj Mahal a monument of eternal love.

Conservation Efforts

Despite its significance, the Taj Mahal faces threats from pollution and structural damage. Acid rain and air pollution from nearby industries have been causing the marble to yellow and deteriorate. In response, the Indian government and international organizations have implemented measures to protect and preserve this iconic structure.


The Taj Mahal stands as a timeless testament to love, grief, and the grandeur of the Mughal era. Its architectural brilliance and cultural significance make it a precious gem in the world’s cultural heritage. As we marvel at its beauty, it is crucial to remember the importance of preserving such historical monuments for future generations to appreciate and learn from. The Taj Mahal, with its enchanting tale and majestic presence, will continue to captivate hearts and minds for centuries to come.

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