Essay on Onam Festival

Students are often asked to write an essay on Onam Festival in their schools and colleges. And if you’re also looking for the same, we have created 100-word, 250-word, and 500-word essays on the topic.

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100 Words Essay on Onam Festival


Onam is a significant harvest festival celebrated in Kerala, India. This ten-day event is a colorful, joyous occasion.


Onam is believed to be the homecoming of King Mahabali, a benevolent demon king who is still loved by his people.


The festival is marked by feasts, boat races, flower decorations, and traditional dances.


Onam brings people together, regardless of religion or caste. It is a festival of unity, love, and respect.

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250 Words Essay on Onam Festival

Introduction to Onam

Onam, celebrated predominantly in the southern state of Kerala, India, is a vibrant and rich cultural festival. It marks the homecoming of the mythical King Mahabali, whose reign was considered a golden era in Keralite history. The festival is a testament to the state’s agrarian past, coinciding with the harvest season.

The Significance of Onam

Onam is a celebration of unity, prosperity, and cultural heritage. It represents the egalitarian ethos of Kerala, as people from all walks of life, irrespective of their religion or class, participate in the festivities. It underlines the idea of an ideal society, where people lived harmoniously during King Mahabali’s reign.

Festivities and Rituals

The ten-day festival is marked by an array of activities. The most prominent among these is the ‘Pookalam,’ an intricate floral carpet designed and created in the front yard of every house. The ‘Onasadya,’ a grand feast served on banana leaves, featuring an array of traditional dishes, is another highlight. Cultural art forms like ‘Pulikali’ (tiger dance) and ‘Vallamkali’ (snake boat race) add to the festival’s vibrancy.

Onam and Modern Society

In the contemporary context, Onam has transcended geographical boundaries and is celebrated globally by Malayalee diaspora. It’s a time for family reunions, reminiscent of shared histories and collective memory. Moreover, Onam serves as a platform for cultural exchange, fostering a sense of unity and mutual respect.

In conclusion, Onam is a festival that embodies the spirit of harmony, equality, and prosperity. It is a celebration that transcends the barriers of religion and class, providing a glimpse into the rich cultural tapestry of Kerala. It is not just a festival, but a philosophy that emphasizes the values of an ideal society.

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11/08/2023 08:48 pm GMT

500 Words Essay on Onam Festival

Introduction to Onam Festival

Onam is a vibrant and joyous festival celebrated predominantly in the southern Indian state of Kerala. It is a harvest festival that marks the homecoming of the mythical King Mahabali, whose reign was considered a golden era of prosperity, justice, and harmony. The festival, celebrated in the Malayalam month of Chingam (August-September), brings people from all walks of life together, transcending religious and social barriers.

Historical Significance of Onam

The history of Onam is deeply rooted in Hindu mythology. King Mahabali, a benevolent Asura king, was known for his righteousness and justice. His popularity threatened the Devas, leading Lord Vishnu to incarnate as Vamana, a dwarf Brahmin, to curb his powers. Vamana asked Mahabali for three paces of land, which the king readily agreed to. Suddenly, Vamana grew in size and covered the earth and the heavens in two paces. With nowhere else to go for the third pace, Mahabali offered his head. Touched by his humility, Lord Vishnu granted him a boon to visit his people once a year. This annual visit is celebrated as Onam.

The Ten-Day Celebration

Onam festivities span ten days, each with its unique customs and rituals. The first day, Atham, marks the start of the festival with a grand procession in Thripunithura, near Kochi. The ten days are filled with various activities such as Pookkalam (floral carpet) competitions, Snake Boat races, Pulikali (tiger dances), and Onathallu (martial arts).

Cultural Significance of Onam

Onam is a cultural extravaganza that showcases the rich heritage of Kerala. The festival is known for its sumptuous Onasadya, a nine-course meal consisting of 26 dishes, served on banana leaves. Traditional music and dance forms like Thiruvathira, Kathakali, and Mohiniyattam add color to the festivities. The festival also promotes social cohesion as people of all religions, castes, and communities come together to celebrate.

Onam in the Modern Context

In the contemporary world, Onam has taken on a global dimension. The festival is celebrated not only in Kerala but also by Malayali diaspora worldwide. It has become a significant cultural ambassador, promoting Kerala’s traditions and culture on a global stage.

Onam also has an economic aspect. It is a time for brisk business in Kerala as people indulge in shopping, home decorations, and gift-giving. The tourism sector also sees a surge during this period as ‘God’s Own Country’ transforms into a cultural spectacle.


Onam, with its all-encompassing spirit of unity, prosperity, and cultural richness, stands as a testament to the vibrant cultural fabric of India. It is a festival that beautifully blends mythology, history, social harmony, and cultural extravaganza. As we move towards a globalized world, festivals like Onam remind us of the importance of preserving and celebrating our unique cultural identities.

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11/08/2023 08:29 pm GMT

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