Essay on Nelson Mandela

Students are often asked to write an essay on Nelson Mandela in their schools and colleges. And if you’re also looking for the same, we have created 100-word, 250-word, and 500-word essays on the topic.

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100 Words Essay on Nelson Mandela

Early Life

Nelson Mandela was born on July 18, 1918, in South Africa. He belonged to a royal family of the Thembu tribe.

Political Career

Mandela became politically active in his 20s, joining the African National Congress (ANC). He fought against apartheid.


Mandela was imprisoned for 27 years, from 1962 to 1990, for his political activities. He became a symbol of resistance.

Presidency and Legacy

After his release, Mandela was elected South Africa’s first black president in 1994. He is remembered as a global icon for peace and reconciliation.

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11/08/2023 08:54 pm GMT

250 Words Essay on Nelson Mandela


Nelson Mandela, a globally revered figure, was an anti-apartheid revolutionary who served as South Africa’s President from 1994 to 1999. His relentless pursuit of racial equality and unwavering commitment to democracy have left indelible marks on history.

Early Life and Activism

Born in 1918, Mandela’s political journey began with the African National Congress (ANC) in 1943. His involvement in anti-colonial politics and his commitment to the ANC’s defiance campaign against apartheid laws led to his arrest in 1962.

Imprisonment and Release

Mandela was sentenced to life imprisonment in 1964, spending 27 years in jail. His release in 1990 was a monumental moment, marking the beginning of apartheid’s end. Mandela’s resilience had become a beacon of hope for oppressed people worldwide.

Presidency and Legacy

In 1994, Mandela became South Africa’s first black President, leading the country towards multi-racial democracy. His leadership focused on dismantling the legacy of apartheid by tackling institutionalized racism and fostering racial reconciliation. Mandela’s legacy continues to inspire movements for civil rights and freedom across the globe.


Nelson Mandela’s life journey epitomizes the fight for human rights and equality. His resilience in the face of adversity and his unwavering commitment to justice serve as an enduring inspiration. Mandela’s legacy is a testament to the power of perseverance and the human spirit’s ability to triumph over oppression. His life story will forever remain a beacon of hope for generations to come.

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11/08/2023 08:48 pm GMT

500 Words Essay on Nelson Mandela

Introduction: The Legacy of Nelson Mandela

Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela, a name synonymous with unyielding resilience, is a beacon of freedom, equality, and human dignity. Born on July 18, 1918, in Mvezo, South Africa, Mandela’s life was a testament to the power of the human spirit in the face of oppressive regimes.

Early Life and Activism

Mandela’s early life was marked by hardship and adversity, which shaped his political ideology. He was the first in his family to attend school, where his teacher gave him the English name, Nelson. His political journey began at Fort Hare University, where he was expelled for participating in a student protest.

In 1944, Mandela joined the African National Congress (ANC), marking the beginning of his active involvement in the anti-apartheid movement. He believed in the principles of democracy, freedom, and equality, and dedicated his life to realizing these ideals for all South Africans.

Imprisonment and the Struggle against Apartheid

In 1962, Mandela was arrested for his anti-apartheid activities and was sentenced to life imprisonment. His Rivonia Trial in 1964 became a focal point in the global fight against apartheid. Despite being imprisoned, Mandela’s influence was not confined by the prison walls. His letters from jail became a powerful tool in rallying international support against apartheid.

During his 27 years in prison, Mandela’s resolve never wavered. He used this time to further his education and strengthen his political strategies. His release in 1990 marked a significant turning point in South African history.

Presidency and Post-Apartheid South Africa

Mandela’s release was followed by intense negotiations with then-President F.W. de Klerk, leading to the end of apartheid and the establishment of a multiracial government. In 1994, Mandela was elected as South Africa’s first black President in the nation’s first fully representative democratic election.

As President, Mandela worked tirelessly to heal the wounds of apartheid, focusing on reconciliation and unity. His government introduced policies aimed at combating poverty and inequality, and he played a crucial role in establishing the Truth and Reconciliation Commission to investigate human rights abuses during apartheid.

Legacy and Conclusion

Nelson Mandela passed away on December 5, 2013, but his legacy continues to inspire millions around the world. Known as the father of the nation in South Africa, his life exemplifies the power of resilience, courage, and the unwavering pursuit of justice.

Mandela’s journey from a small village in Mvezo to becoming one of the world’s most respected statesmen is a stark reminder of the indomitable human spirit. His life serves as an enduring symbol of resistance against racial segregation and a testament to the power of forgiveness and reconciliation. In the face of adversity, Mandela’s unwavering commitment to his principles provides a blueprint for future generations on the path towards justice and equality.

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11/08/2023 08:29 pm GMT

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