Essay on National Festivals of India

Students are often asked to write an essay on National Festivals of India in their schools and colleges. And if you’re also looking for the same, we have created 100-word, 250-word, and 500-word essays on the topic.

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100 Words Essay on National Festivals of India


India, known for its diversity, celebrates numerous national festivals. These festivals reflect the country’s rich cultural heritage and promote unity.

Republic Day

Celebrated on January 26, Republic Day marks the day when India’s constitution came into effect. It showcases India’s military might and cultural diversity through a parade in New Delhi.

Independence Day

On August 15, India celebrates Independence Day, remembering the day India gained freedom from British rule. The Prime Minister hoists the national flag at the Red Fort, followed by a speech.

Gandhi Jayanti

Gandhi Jayanti, on October 2, honors Mahatma Gandhi’s birth. Known as the ‘Father of the Nation’, this day is dedicated to peace and non-violence, reflecting Gandhi’s principles.

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11/09/2023 08:58 pm GMT

250 Words Essay on National Festivals of India


India, a country with an abundance of diverse cultures and traditions, celebrates a plethora of national festivals that play a significant role in promoting the spirit of communal harmony, patriotism, and unity. These festivals are a vibrant part of India’s cultural fabric.

The Triad of National Festivals

India’s national festivals primarily include Independence Day, Republic Day, and Gandhi Jayanti. These three festivals represent significant historical events and are celebrated with great fervor across the country.

Independence Day

Celebrated on 15th August, Independence Day commemorates India’s freedom from British rule in 1947. The day is marked by the hoisting of the national flag by the Prime Minister at the Red Fort, followed by a parade showcasing India’s cultural diversity and military prowess.

Republic Day

Republic Day, observed on 26th January, celebrates the enforcement of the Indian Constitution in 1950. The day is renowned for the grand parade at Rajpath, New Delhi, which exhibits the country’s defense capability and cultural heritage.

Gandhi Jayanti

Gandhi Jayanti, celebrated on 2nd October, pays homage to Mahatma Gandhi, the Father of the Nation. The day is dedicated to promoting peace and non-violence, reflecting Gandhi’s ideals.


National festivals of India embody the nation’s rich historical legacy, cultural diversity, and the spirit of freedom. They serve as a reminder of the sacrifices made by our forefathers and inspire citizens towards fostering unity, peace, and progress. These festivals are not just celebrations, but a reiteration of India’s collective identity and its democratic ethos.

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11/09/2023 08:53 pm GMT

500 Words Essay on National Festivals of India


India, a country known for its diverse culture, heritage, and unity in diversity, celebrates numerous festivals throughout the year. Among these, the national festivals hold a unique significance as they not only bring joy and togetherness but also evoke a sense of patriotism among Indians. The three primary national festivals celebrated across the country are Republic Day, Independence Day, and Gandhi Jayanti.

Republic Day

Celebrated on January 26, Republic Day commemorates the day the Constitution of India came into effect in 1950, turning India into a republic. The day is marked by a grand parade in the capital, New Delhi, showcasing India’s military prowess, cultural diversity, and achievements in various fields. The President of India, the head of state, presides over the parade. The event is a powerful reminder of the struggles and sacrifices made by freedom fighters and constitution makers.

Independence Day

Independence Day, observed on August 15, celebrates India’s freedom from British rule in 1947. The Prime Minister of India hoists the national flag at the Red Fort in New Delhi, followed by a speech addressing the nation. The event encapsulates the essence of freedom, the value of sovereignty, and the importance of unity in diversity. It also serves as a platform to reflect on our achievements as a nation and to ponder over the challenges that lie ahead.

Gandhi Jayanti

Gandhi Jayanti, celebrated on October 2, honors the birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi, fondly known as the ‘Father of the Nation’. The day is dedicated to promoting peace, non-violence, and communal harmony, principles that Gandhi staunchly upheld. Various activities like prayer meetings, commemorative ceremonies, and social campaigns are organized to remember his teachings and contributions to India’s independence.

Significance of National Festivals

National festivals serve as an important link between the past and the present, reminding us of our roots, history, and the journey of our nation. They instill a sense of national pride and foster unity among diverse cultures, religions, and regions. These festivals also provide an opportunity to educate the younger generation about the hardships endured by our forefathers and the values on which our nation was built.


In conclusion, national festivals of India are not just occasions for celebrations but are also significant for their historical, cultural, and educational importance. They act as a mirror reflecting the struggles, achievements, and aspirations of a nation. As we partake in these celebrations, we are reminded of our responsibility to uphold the values of our constitution, to strive for the betterment of our nation, and to carry forward the legacy of our ancestors.

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11/09/2023 08:33 pm GMT

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