Essay on Kerala Flood

Students are often asked to write an essay on Kerala Flood in their schools and colleges. And if you’re also looking for the same, we have created 100-word, 250-word, and 500-word essays on the topic.

Let’s take a look…

100 Words Essay on Kerala Flood


Kerala, a beautiful southern state in India, is famous for its green landscapes and backwaters. However, it faced a devastating flood in 2018.

The Devastation

The flood caused massive destruction. Hundreds of people lost their lives, and thousands were displaced from their homes. Infrastructure was severely damaged.

The Cause

Heavy monsoon rains were the primary cause of the flood. The state received 75% more rainfall than usual, leading to overflowing rivers and landslides.

The Response

The government, NGOs, and citizens came together for rescue and relief operations. The unity displayed was commendable.


The Kerala flood was a tragic event but also showcased the power of unity during adversity.

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250 Words Essay on Kerala Flood


Kerala, a state in South India, is renowned for its scenic beauty and cultural heritage. However, it has been recurrently afflicted by catastrophic floods, with the most severe ones in 2018 and 2019. These floods have drastically impacted the socio-economic fabric of the state, prompting a need for comprehensive analysis and proactive measures.

Causes of the Floods

The primary cause of these floods is the monsoon rainfall. However, anthropogenic factors like deforestation, unregulated construction, and improper waste management have exacerbated the situation. Climate change, leading to unpredictable weather patterns, has also played a significant role.


The floods have had a profound impact on Kerala’s socio-economic structure. Lives were lost, properties destroyed, and infrastructure severely damaged. The agriculture sector, the backbone of Kerala’s economy, was hit hard, leading to a surge in unemployment and poverty rates. The floods also triggered health crises due to water contamination and the spread of diseases.

Management and Mitigation

The government and non-governmental organizations played a crucial role in rescue and relief operations. However, the events underscored the need for a robust disaster management system. It’s essential to focus on sustainable development, enforce stringent construction norms, and invest in early warning systems.


The Kerala floods serve as a stark reminder of the devastating impacts of climate change and unregulated human activities. It is an urgent call for us to rethink our relationship with nature and adopt sustainable practices. As we move forward, it’s crucial that we learn from these disasters to build a resilient and sustainable future.

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500 Words Essay on Kerala Flood


Kerala, a southern state of India, known for its enchanting beauty and rich biodiversity, has been plagued by repeated floods over the years. The most devastating among these were the 2018 and 2019 floods, which resulted in massive loss of life and property. These floods serve as a stark reminder of the increasing vulnerability of geographical regions to climate change and environmental degradation.

The 2018 and 2019 Kerala Floods

In 2018, Kerala experienced the worst flood in nearly a century, followed by another in 2019. The 2018 floods were triggered by unusually high rainfall during the monsoon season, with a death toll of nearly 500 people and displacement of around a million. The 2019 floods, although less severe, added to the plight, causing further damage to the already fragile state.

Causes of the Floods

The primary cause of the floods was the intense and incessant rainfall. However, the severity of the floods can be attributed to a combination of environmental, structural, and political factors. Deforestation, illegal stone quarrying, and unplanned construction have led to a significant reduction in the forest cover and the destruction of the natural drainage system. This has resulted in increased surface runoff, leading to landslides and soil erosion which further exacerbate the flooding.

Climate Change and Its Role

Climate change has likely played a significant role in these disasters. As global temperatures rise, the atmosphere holds more moisture, leading to increased rainfall during monsoon seasons. This pattern is consistent with the predictions of climate models, which forecast more frequent and severe extreme weather events.

Disaster Management and Response

The response to the Kerala floods showcased the power of community resilience. In the face of adversity, the people of Kerala came together to form an effective disaster response. Fishermen turned their boats into makeshift rescue vessels, and countless citizens opened their homes to the displaced. Technology also played a crucial role, with social media platforms being used for coordinating rescue and relief efforts.

The Road to Recovery

Recovery from the floods has been a slow and arduous process. Rehabilitation of displaced people, rebuilding infrastructure, and restoring livelihoods remain significant challenges. The floods have underscored the need for sustainable development and effective disaster management strategies.


The Kerala floods serve as a wake-up call to the urgent need for climate action and environmental conservation. They highlight the importance of sustainable development and the necessity for robust disaster management systems. As we move forward, it is crucial to learn from these events and work towards building a resilient and sustainable future.

That’s it! I hope the essay helped you.

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