Essay on Jawaharlal Nehru

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100 Words Essay on Jawaharlal Nehru

Early Life

Jawaharlal Nehru was born on 14th November 1889 in Allahabad, India. His father was a famous lawyer named Motilal Nehru.


Nehru received his early education at home. Later, he went to England and studied at Harrow School and Cambridge University.

Political Career

Nehru joined the Indian National Congress and became a part of India’s freedom struggle. He became the first Prime Minister of independent India in 1947.

Contribution to India

Nehru played a key role in building modern India. He promoted science, technology, and education. His birthday is celebrated as Children’s Day in India.

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250 Words Essay on Jawaharlal Nehru

Jawaharlal Nehru: The Architect of Modern India

Jawaharlal Nehru, the first Prime Minister of independent India, was a central figure in Indian politics before and after independence. Born on 14th November 1889, Nehru was a key player in shaping the nation’s socio-political landscape.

Education and Political Awakening

Educated in England at Harrow School and Trinity College, Cambridge, Nehru returned to India imbued with liberal, progressive ideals. His political awakening was largely influenced by his father, Motilal Nehru, a prominent lawyer and Congress leader.

Struggle for Independence

Nehru joined the Indian National Congress in 1919, becoming a charismatic leader in the fight against British rule. His advocacy for complete independence, rather than dominion status, marked a significant shift in Congress’s strategy, leading to the historic ‘Purna Swaraj’ declaration in 1930.

Post-Independence Leadership and Vision

As Prime Minister, Nehru’s vision of a secular, socialist India was pivotal in framing the Indian Constitution. His policies focused on industrialization, scientific research, and educational reform, aiming to modernize India and uplift the masses.


Despite criticisms, Nehru’s legacy is enduring. His commitment to democracy, secularism, and social justice, along with his efforts to position India on the global stage, have significantly shaped India’s post-independence trajectory. His birth anniversary is celebrated as ‘Children’s Day’, reflecting his deep love for children and strong belief in their role as the future of the nation.

500 Words Essay on Jawaharlal Nehru


Jawaharlal Nehru, India’s first Prime Minister, is a figure of immense significance in the annals of Indian history. Born on November 14, 1889, Nehru was a central figure in Indian politics before and after independence. He was a charismatic leader who played a pivotal role in shaping modern India’s government and political culture by promoting parliamentary democracy, secularism, and science and technology.

Early Life and Education

Nehru was born into a wealthy Kashmiri Brahmin family in Allahabad. His father, Motilal Nehru, was a prominent lawyer and an influential political leader. Nehru received his early education at home but later studied in England at Harrow School and Trinity College, Cambridge. His time in England was instrumental in shaping his political and social views, especially his belief in parliamentary democracy.

Political Career and Role in Independence

Nehru’s political career began when he joined the Indian National Congress (INC) in 1919. His early political views were shaped by the non-cooperation movement led by Mahatma Gandhi. Nehru rose to prominence within the INC with his advocacy for complete independence from British rule, a stance which was considered radical at the time.

Nehru was imprisoned several times by British authorities for his nationalist activities. Despite the challenges, he remained steadfast in his commitment to India’s independence. His leadership and eloquence made him a popular leader among the masses, and in 1947, he became independent India’s first Prime Minister.

Prime Ministership and Contributions

As Prime Minister, Nehru set the course for India’s development as a sovereign, socialist, secular, and democratic republic. He was instrumental in formulating the Five Year Plans, which laid the foundation for India’s industrial and agricultural growth. Nehru also championed the cause of education and established numerous universities and research institutions across the country, including the Indian Institutes of Technology.

Nehru’s foreign policy, known as Panchsheel or the Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence, shaped India’s interactions with the world. He played a significant role in the Non-Aligned Movement, positioning India as a neutral player during the Cold War.


Nehru’s legacy is multifaceted and continues to influence India’s political and social landscape. His vision for a secular, inclusive, and modern India has shaped the nation’s ethos. His commitment to democracy, despite the challenges of managing a diverse and newly independent nation, set a precedent for democratic governance in India.

However, Nehru’s legacy is also subject to criticism. His handling of the Kashmir issue and the India-China war of 1962 have been points of contention. Despite these criticisms, Nehru’s contributions to India’s nation-building process are undeniable.


Jawaharlal Nehru, a visionary and a statesman, left an indelible mark on India’s history. His ideals of democracy, secularism, and scientific temper continue to form the bedrock of India’s political and social fabric. Despite criticisms, his legacy as the architect of modern India endures.

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