Essay on Great Fire of London

Students are often asked to write an essay on Great Fire of London in their schools and colleges. And if you’re also looking for the same, we have created 100-word, 250-word, and 500-word essays on the topic.

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100 Words Essay on Great Fire of London

The Great Fire of London

The Great Fire of London happened in 1666. It started in a bakery on Pudding Lane and lasted for four days.

Damage Caused

The fire destroyed 87 churches, 13,200 houses and many important buildings. About 70,000 of the city’s 80,000 residents were left homeless.


The fire led to major changes in the city. New buildings were made of brick and stone instead of wood. Streets were made wider to stop fires spreading.

Learning from the Past

The Great Fire of London teaches us about the importance of fire safety and urban planning.

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11/08/2023 08:54 pm GMT

250 Words Essay on Great Fire of London


The Great Fire of London, a catastrophic event that occurred in 1666, marked a pivotal point in the city’s history. The fire, which started on September 2nd and ended on September 6th, caused widespread devastation, transforming the urban landscape and triggering significant social and economic changes.

Origins and Spread

The fire originated at a bakery on Pudding Lane. Due to a combination of high winds and the city’s largely wooden infrastructure, the fire rapidly spread, consuming approximately 80% of the city. The fire’s rapid spread was further exacerbated by the lack of a coordinated firefighting approach and the city’s narrow and congested streets.

Impact and Aftermath

The fire caused immense damage, destroying numerous landmarks, including St. Paul’s Cathedral, and displacing approximately 70,000 of the city’s 80,000 inhabitants. Despite the extensive destruction, the death toll was surprisingly low, with official records indicating six verified deaths.

In the aftermath, London underwent a significant transformation. The city was rebuilt with brick and stone, replacing the previous wooden structures, and the streets were widened and straightened. The fire also led to the creation of insurance companies and improved fire safety regulations.


The Great Fire of London serves as a stark reminder of how disasters can shape the course of history. It forced London to rebuild and reform, leading to the modern city we know today. Despite the destruction, the fire served as a catalyst for change, highlighting the resilience and adaptability of humanity in the face of catastrophe.

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11/08/2023 08:48 pm GMT

500 Words Essay on Great Fire of London


The Great Fire of London, a catastrophic event that consumed the city from 2nd to 6th September 1666, remains an indelible part of British history. The fire, which started at a bakery on Pudding Lane, led to the destruction of a significant portion of the medieval city within the old Roman city wall.

The Outbreak

The fire began in the early hours of 2nd September at Thomas Farriner’s bakery. A small flame, initially overlooked, soon turned into an uncontrollable fire due to the abundance of fuel sources like timber houses, hay piles, and tar barrels. The narrow streets and closely packed buildings facilitated the rapid spread of the fire. Despite the efforts of London’s populace and the introduction of fire-fighting measures such as creating firebreaks, the fire raged on, fanned by the strong winds.

The Impact

The Great Fire of London had a devastating impact. It destroyed 87 churches, 13,200 houses, and numerous city buildings, leaving approximately 70,000 of the city’s 80,000 inhabitants homeless. Remarkably, the recorded death toll was minimal, with official records stating six verified deaths. However, the fire’s intensity likely cremated many victims, leaving no trace for official records.

Aftermath and Reconstruction

The fire’s aftermath saw a city in ruins, with the immediate concern being shelter for the homeless. Temporary accommodations were set up, and food supplies were arranged. The fire also brought about a significant change in building regulations, with the Rebuilding of London Act 1666 enforcing the use of brick and stone instead of timber.

The reconstruction of the city was a massive undertaking. Sir Christopher Wren, a renowned architect, played a pivotal role in the rebuilding process, designing many of the new churches, including the iconic St. Paul’s Cathedral. The fire also led to the creation of insurance companies, with the first fire insurance company, “The Fire Office,” established in 1667.


The Great Fire of London left an enduring legacy. It reshaped London, transforming it from a medieval city into a modern metropolis. The incident led to significant advancements in fire safety and urban planning, with wider streets, brick buildings, and improved firefighting measures. It also influenced literature, inspiring works such as Samuel Pepys’ diary, which provides a first-hand account of the fire.


The Great Fire of London was a calamitous event that forever changed the face of one of the world’s most influential cities. It was a catalyst for change, driving advancements in architecture, city planning, and fire safety measures. Despite the destruction, the fire’s legacy is one of resilience and transformation, echoing the indomitable spirit of the city and its inhabitants.

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11/08/2023 08:29 pm GMT

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