Essay on Communalism in India

Students are often asked to write an essay on Communalism in India in their schools and colleges. And if you’re also looking for the same, we have created 100-word, 250-word, and 500-word essays on the topic.

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100 Words Essay on Communalism in India


Communalism in India refers to the practice of promoting hostility between different religious communities. It is a significant social issue that hinders national unity.


Communalism originated during the British rule in India. The British used ‘divide and rule’ policy to maintain control, which fueled communalism.


Communalism leads to violence, disrupting peace. It also hampers the progress of the nation by creating divisions among people.


To maintain harmony in India, it’s essential to combat communalism. Education and awareness about unity in diversity can help in this regard.

250 Words Essay on Communalism in India


Communalism in India is a pervasive socio-political issue that manifests as conflicts between religious communities, particularly Hindus and Muslims. Despite the country’s secular constitution, communal tensions have been a recurring challenge, often leading to violence and social discord.

Historical Context

The roots of communalism in India can be traced back to the colonial era. The British policy of ‘divide and rule’ exacerbated religious differences, leading to the partition of India in 1947. This historical event has left a lasting impact on the psyche of the Indian populace, often exploited by political entities for electoral gains.


Communalism disrupts the social fabric, leading to loss of lives, property, and communal harmony. It creates an environment of suspicion and fear, hindering national integration. Moreover, it diverts attention from pressing issues like poverty, unemployment, and education.

Curbing Communalism

Addressing communalism requires a multi-pronged approach. Education can play a pivotal role in promoting secular values and mutual respect. Media should responsibly report communal incidents, avoiding sensationalism. The legal framework should be strengthened to ensure swift justice for victims of communal violence.


Communalism, a deep-rooted problem in India, needs to be addressed with urgency. By fostering a culture of tolerance and inclusivity, India can uphold its secular ethos, ensuring peace and harmony for all its citizens. The fight against communalism is not just a legal battle, but a moral one, integral to the preservation of India’s diverse cultural heritage.

500 Words Essay on Communalism in India


Communalism in India, a multifaceted phenomenon, has emerged as a critical issue that impacts the socio-political fabric of the country. It is a tool that induces a sense of division among different religious communities, leading to conflicts, violence, and a threat to the harmony of the nation.

The Roots of Communalism

India, with its diverse cultures, religions, and languages, has a rich history of coexistence. However, the advent of British colonial rule marked the inception of communalism. The British adopted a policy of ‘divide and rule,’ exploiting the religious differences to maintain their dominance. Post-independence, the partition of India and Pakistan further fueled communal sentiments, leaving an indelible impact on the psyche of the people.

Manifestations of Communalism

Communalism manifests itself in various forms, ranging from discrimination and prejudice to communal violence and riots. It often results in the marginalization of certain communities, creating an environment of fear and hostility. The 1984 Anti-Sikh riots, the 1992 Babri Masjid demolition, and the 2002 Gujarat riots are stark examples of the devastating effects of communalism.

Impact on Society and Politics

Communalism has a profound impact on both society and politics. It disrupts social harmony, impeding the process of national integration. Politically, it leads to vote bank politics, where political parties manipulate communal sentiments to secure votes, further widening the communal divide.

Combating Communalism

The fight against communalism demands a multi-pronged approach. Education plays a pivotal role in fostering a spirit of unity and promoting communal harmony. Legal measures should be enforced strictly to deter communal violence. Media, as a powerful tool, should promote unbiased reporting and avoid sensationalizing communal issues.


Communalism poses a significant challenge to India’s unity in diversity. It is crucial to address this issue with sensitivity, fostering a culture of acceptance and respect for all religions. Only then can India truly progress towards becoming an inclusive and harmonious nation.

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