Essay on Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj

Students are often asked to write an essay on Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj in their schools and colleges. And if you’re also looking for the same, we have created 100-word, 250-word, and 500-word essays on the topic.

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100 Words Essay on Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj


Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj was a great Maratha warrior and a brilliant ruler from India. Born in 1630, he founded the Maratha Kingdom and was crowned as the king in 1674.

Early Life and Education

Shivaji was born in Shivneri Fort, Pune. He received military training and learnt statecraft from his father, Shahaji Bhosale. His mother, Jijabai, instilled in him a deep sense of patriotism.

Kingdom Establishment

Shivaji Maharaj established the Maratha Empire in the Deccan region. His administrative skills and innovative military tactics helped in expanding his kingdom.


Shivaji Maharaj’s reign is marked by good governance, progressive administration, and respect for women. He is still remembered and revered for his valor and wisdom.

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11/08/2023 08:54 pm GMT

250 Words Essay on Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj


Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj, a name that resonates with valor, bravery, and exemplary administrative skills, was the founder of the Maratha Empire in western India in the 17th century. His progressive vision and inclusive governance make him a significant figure in Indian history.

Early Life and Ascendancy

Born in 1630, Shivaji was raised under the mentorship of his mother, Jijabai, and his father’s administrator, Dadoji Konddeo, who instilled in him the values of courage and patriotism. Shivaji’s rise to power at a young age was marked by his strategic acumen in establishing a navy and building fortified coastal defenses to protect his territory from foreign invasions.

Administration and Governance

Shivaji’s governance was a blend of Maratha socio-political customs and progressive administrative practices. He introduced systems like ‘Ashta Pradhan’ (Council of Eight Ministers), who were responsible for various aspects of governance. His policies reflected a deep respect for all religions, promoting a sense of unity and harmony among his subjects.

Military Innovations

Shivaji was a military genius. He pioneered guerrilla warfare tactics, known as ‘Ganimi Kava’, which leveraged the geography of the Deccan Plateau. His naval force was a testament to his foresight, acknowledging the importance of a strong maritime presence.


Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj’s legacy extends beyond his role as a warrior and a ruler. He was a progressive leader whose principles of inclusivity, justice, and good governance continue to inspire generations. His life and deeds are a testament to his indomitable spirit and enduring influence on Indian history.

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11/08/2023 08:48 pm GMT

500 Words Essay on Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj


Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj, a name that resonates with valor, pride, and unwavering courage, was a visionary and a virtuous king. He was the founder of the Maratha Empire in western India in 1674. His progressive and discerning nature made him a beloved leader and a symbol of resistance against the Mughal rule.

Early Life and Ascension to Power

Born in 1630, Shivaji was brought up under the influence of his mother Jijabai and his father Shahaji Bhosale, who served the Deccan Sultanates. His mother’s spiritual teachings and his father’s military tactics shaped him into a brave and compassionate leader. Shivaji used guerilla warfare tactics, known as ‘ganimi kava’, to establish his reign over the territories under the control of the Sultanates.

Establishment of the Maratha Empire

In 1674, Shivaji was coronated as the king of the Maratha Kingdom. His rule was characterized by progressive governance, focusing on the welfare of his people. He implemented systems for administrative efficiency, such as the ashtapradhan (council of eight ministers), which was a precursor to the modern parliamentary system. His respect for all religions and his policy of treating his subjects fairly, irrespective of their religion, earned him the love and respect of his people.

Shivaji’s Military Prowess

Shivaji was renowned for his military acumen. His navy, considered one of the strongest of his time, safeguarded the western coast of India and facilitated trade. His fort architecture, which includes more than 300 forts along the western coast of India, is a testament to his strategic genius. These forts served as defensive structures, administrative centers, and rest houses for travelers.


Shivaji’s death in 1680 was a significant loss for the Maratha Empire. However, his principles of swarajya (self-rule) and his progressive governance left an indelible mark on Indian history. He is remembered as a hero who stood against the tyranny of the Mughal Empire and paved the way for the eventual decline of Mughal rule in India.


Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj was not just a great warrior, but also a visionary who believed in the welfare of his people. His respect for all religions, his progressive governance, and his military genius make him one of the most revered figures in Indian history. His life and principles continue to inspire millions and his legacy continues to shape the socio-political fabric of India. In a nutshell, Shivaji was a shining beacon of courage, justice, and good governance, whose life continues to guide us in our quest for a fair and just society.

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11/08/2023 08:29 pm GMT

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