Essay on Animal Farm

Students are often asked to write an essay on Animal Farm in their schools and colleges. And if you’re also looking for the same, we have created 100-word, 250-word, and 500-word essays on the topic.

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100 Words Essay on Animal Farm


Animal Farm is a novel by George Orwell. It’s a tale about a group of animals who overthrow their human farmer to establish an independent farm.


The story is filled with symbolism. The animals represent different social classes, and the farm symbolizes a state or a country.


Animal Farm explores themes like power, corruption, and inequality. It shows how power can corrupt individuals and lead to unfair societies.


In conclusion, Animal Farm is a powerful critique of power and corruption. It encourages readers to question authority and strive for fair societies.

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250 Words Essay on Animal Farm


“Animal Farm,” a novel by George Orwell, is a profound allegory that uses animals to depict the tumultuous era of the Russian Revolution. This masterpiece is replete with sophisticated themes and symbolism, making it a compelling read for college students.

Symbolism and Allegory

Orwell employs the farm animals as symbols to represent the key figures and ideologies of the Russian Revolution. For instance, the pigs Napoleon and Snowball are representations of Joseph Stalin and Leon Trotsky respectively. The Rebellion represents the Bolshevik Revolution, and the animal’s collective vision of a utopian society mirrors the communist ideology.


The novel explores themes of power and corruption, class struggle, and the dangers of ignorance. The pigs’ gradual accumulation of power and their transformation into oppressive rulers illustrate how power can corrupt. The ongoing conflict between the pigs and other animals signifies class struggle, while the animals’ blind trust in the pigs underscores the perils of ignorance and indoctrination.

Critical Analysis

“Animal Farm” is a critique of totalitarian regimes, particularly communism under Stalin. It illustrates how these regimes manipulate language and education to control the masses, leading to societal decay. Orwell’s clever use of satire and irony makes the novel a powerful political commentary.


“Animal Farm” is more than a simple tale about animals. It is a profound political and social critique, a timeless piece that remains relevant even today. Orwell’s novel serves as a warning of how power can corrupt and the importance of critical thinking and education in society.

500 Words Essay on Animal Farm


“Animal Farm,” penned by George Orwell, is a timeless piece of literature that uses a group of farm animals’ rebellion to symbolize the Russian Revolution and the rise of Stalin’s totalitarian regime. This allegorical novella, first published in England on 17 August 1945, stands as a critique of tyranny and a testament to the universal struggle for freedom and equality.

Orwell’s Ingenious Allegory

Orwell’s narrative brilliance lies in his use of animals to represent key figures and events in Russian history. The pigs Napoleon and Snowball symbolize Stalin and Trotsky, respectively, while the Rebellion represents the Russian Revolution. By using animals, Orwell manages to distill complex historical and political events into a simple, yet profound, tale. This enables the reader to understand the mechanisms of power, corruption, and propaganda that are at play in any society, not just in the context of the Soviet Union.

Themes: Power and Corruption

“Animal Farm” offers a powerful exploration of how power can lead to corruption. The pigs, despite initially advocating for equality, gradually become indistinguishable from the humans they overthrew. This transformation underscores Orwell’s warning about the dangers of absolute power. The phrase, “All animals are equal, but some animals are more equal than others,” poignantly encapsulates this theme. It serves as a reminder that power can distort ideals, leading to inequality and oppression.

Use of Language as a Tool of Control

Orwell also explores how language can be used as a tool of manipulation and control. The pigs, particularly Squealer, skillfully use rhetoric and propaganda to justify their actions and maintain control over the other animals. This manipulation of truth and reality, often referred to as “doublethink” in Orwell’s other masterpiece, “1984”, is a significant theme in “Animal Farm.”

Relevance in Contemporary Society

While “Animal Farm” is a critique of the specific historical event of the Russian Revolution, its themes have universal relevance. The novella’s exploration of power, corruption, and the manipulation of truth resonates in today’s world, where fake news and propaganda are prevalent. It serves as a cautionary tale, urging readers to question authority, challenge propaganda, and resist the allure of absolute power.


In conclusion, “Animal Farm” is a powerful allegorical tale that uses a simple story of animals’ rebellion to explore complex themes of power, corruption, and manipulation. Orwell’s narrative brilliance shines through his use of animals to represent historical figures and events. Despite being rooted in a specific historical context, the novella’s themes continue to resonate in contemporary society, making it a timeless piece of literature.

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