Xylem and phloem are the two types of plant tissue that transport water and nutrients throughout a plant.
The main difference is xylem transports water throughout plants whereas the phloem transports food around the plant.
Before we move to the differences, let’s understand what are Xylem and Phloem:
- Xylem: The xylem is the water-conducting tissue in plants. It transports water from the roots up to where it can be used for photosynthesis by transporting it through its vessels.
- Phloem: Phloem is composed of sieve tubes that transport food through plants via sieve elements filled with sap, which are connected by companion cells.
Now, let’s move to Xylem vs Phloem:
Major differences between Xylem and Phloem
|Xylem is made up of tracheids which are dead cells.||Phloem is made up of living parenchyma cells.|
|These tissues move in a Unidirectional.||These tissues move in a Bidirectional.|
|It is located in the centre of the vascular bundle.||It is located on the outer side of the vascular bundle.|
|Xylem fibres are smaller.||Phloem fibres are larger.|
|The xylem is the part of the plant that transports water and minerals from the roots to all parts of a tree or plant.||Phloem is a transport tissue that moves food, water, and nutrients throughout the plant.|
Note that sometimes, the question might also be asked as “distinguish between Xylem and Phloem”.
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So we can conclude that the xylem and phloem are two tissues that do different things, but both are important for the growth of plants.
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