Difference between Solute and Solvent

What are the major differences between Solute and Solvent?

Have you ever heard of the terms solute and solvent? These two words are often used in science, especially in chemistry.

The main difference is that the solute is the substance that is being dissolved while the solvent is the substance that is doing the dissolving.

Before we move to the differences, let’s understand what are Solute and Solvent:

  • Solute: A solute is a substance that is dissolved in a solvent to create a solution.
  • Solvent: A solvent is a liquid that is capable of dissolving other substances, resulting in a solution.

Solute vs Solvent

Now, let’s move to Solute vs Solvent:

Major differences between Solute and Solvent

Solute Solvent
The solute is the substance being dissolved. The solvent is the substance doing the dissolving.
The solute is usually the substance that gives a solution its special properties. The solvent is the medium in which the solute is dissolved.
The solute is usually a solid. The solvent is usually a liquid.
The solute is usually the component of a solution that is being studied or used. The solvent is usually just the medium in which the solute is found.
The solute is usually less stable and more reactive than the solvent. The solvent is usually more stable and less reactive than the solute.

That’s it.

Note that sometimes, the question might also be asked as “distinguish between Solute and Solvent”.

Also see:

Final words

The solute is the substance that is dissolved in a solvent to make a solution. The solvent is the substance that the solute is dissolved in.

Understanding the difference between these two terms is important in understanding how solutions work.

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