Difference between Non-Cooperation Movement and Civil Disobedience Movement

What are the major differences between Non-Cooperation Movement and Civil Disobedience Movement?

Non-Cooperation Movement and Civil Disobedience Movement are two types of political movements that were used in India during the struggle for independence from British colonial rule.

The Main difference is non-cooperation movement focused on the withdrawal of cooperation with the British government while the civil disobedience movement focused on active resistance and disobedience of unjust laws.

Before we move to the differences, let’s understand what are Non-Cooperation Movement and Civil Disobedience Movement:

  • Non-Cooperation Movement: The Non-Cooperation Movement was a political movement in India in the early 1920s, that called for the withdrawal of cooperation with the British government.
  • Civil Disobedience Movement: The Civil Disobedience Movement was a political movement in India in the 1930s that called for active resistance and disobedience of unjust laws.

Non-Cooperation Movement vs Civil Disobedience Movement

Now, let’s move to Non-Cooperation Movement vs Civil Disobedience Movement:

Major differences between Non-Cooperation Movement and Civil Disobedience Movement

Non-Cooperation Movement Civil Disobedience Movement
Non-Cooperation Movement focused on withdrawal of cooperation. Civil Disobedience Movement focused on active resistance.
Non-Cooperation Movement was led by Mahatma Gandhi. Civil Disobedience Movement was led by Mahatma Gandhi and Jawaharlal Nehru.
Non-Cooperation Movement used peaceful means. Civil Disobedience Movement used non-violent means.
Non-Cooperation Movement called for boycott of British goods and institutions. Civil Disobedience Movement called for disobedience of unjust laws.
Non-Cooperation Movement was called off due to the violence at Chauri Chaura. Civil Disobedience Movement was called off due to the negotiations with British government.

That’s it.

Note that sometimes, the question might also be asked as “distinguish between Non-Cooperation Movement and Civil Disobedience Movement”.

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Final words

The Non-Cooperation Movement and the Civil Disobedience Movement were two important strategies employed by Indian nationalist movement during the struggle for independence from British colonial rule.

Both movements had their own strengths and weaknesses, and both were crucial in the eventual independence of India from British rule.

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