Difference between JPG and PDF

When it comes to digital document formats, two of the most commonly used formats are JPG and PDF. While both are used to store digital files and documents, they have several key differences that set them apart.

The main difference is that JPG is used primarily for storing and sharing digital images whereas PDF is used for storing and sharing digital documents.

Before we move to the differences, let’s understand what are JPG and PDF:

  • JPG: JPG is a popular file format for digital images. JPG stands for Joint Photographic Experts Group and was developed specifically for storing digital images.
  • PDF: PDF stands for Portable Document Format and is used to store digital documents, including text, images, and even interactive elements.


Now, let’s move to JPG vs PDF:

Major differences between JPG and PDF

JPG does not support multiple pages or complex layouts. PDF is designed for complex layouts, including multiple pages, text, and images.
JPG supports lossy compression, which means that the image quality can be reduced to save file size. PDF supports both lossy and lossless compression, depending on the content.
JPG can be opened by almost any device or software that supports images. PDF requires a compatible reader to open the file.
JPG files are not easily editable and require specialized software to manipulate. PDF files can be edited using a variety of software options.
JPG is used primarily for digital images. PDF is used for digital documents.

That’s it.

Note that sometimes, the question might also be asked as “distinguish between JPG and PDF”.

Also see:

Final words

JPG and PDF are digital file formats, they serve very different purposes. JPG is primarily used for storing and sharing digital images, while PDF is primarily used for storing and sharing digital documents. They have different layouts, compression options, compatibility requirements, and editability options. Understanding the differences between these two file formats can help you choose the right format for your needs.

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