Difference between General Election and By- Election

General Election and By-Election are both types of elections, but they serve different purposes.

The main difference is that general Elections are held to elect representatives for a specific term while by-elections are held to fill a vacancy that occurs during the term.

Before we move to the differences, let’s understand what are General Election and By- Election:

  • General Election: A General Election is a regularly scheduled election in which citizens of a country or region vote to elect their representatives for a specific term, such as a presidential or parliamentary term.
  • By- Election: A By-Election, also known as a special election, is an election that is held to fill a vacancy that occurs during the term of an elected official, such as a Member of Parliament or a City Council member.

General Election vs By- Election

Now, let’s move to General Election vs By- Election:

Major differences between General Election and By- Election

General Election By- Election
General Elections are held for a specific term. By-Elections are held to fill a vacancy.
General Elections are held at regular intervals, such as every 4 or 5 years. By-Elections can be held at any time.
General Elections are held to elect all representatives of a country or region. By-Elections are held to fill a specific vacancy.
General Elections can result in a change of government or leadership. By-Elections are usually to fill a vacancy in the existing government or leadership.
General Elections are usually more expensive to conduct than By-Elections By-Elections are usually less expensive to conduct than general Elections.

That’s it.

Note that sometimes, the question might also be asked as “distinguish between General Election and By- Election”.

Also see:

Final words

General Elections and By-Elections serve different purposes and are distinct from one another.

Both General Elections and By-Elections play a crucial role in the democratic process and ensure that the people’s voices are heard through the election of their representatives. It is important for citizens to understand the differences between these two types of elections to fully participate and engage in the democratic process.

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