Difference between Advancing Monsoons and Retreating Monsoons

Monsoon is a seasonal wind system that develops over the Indian subcontinent. It affects the Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia, as well as areas around the Arabian Sea and Bay of Bengal. Advancing and retreating monsoons are two of the most common weather patterns in the world, but they can be hard to tell apart. These are different types of winds that occur at different times of the year.

The main difference between advancing and retreating monsoons is the direction of wind flow. Advancing monsoons bring moisture from the Indian Ocean to South Asia, while retreating monsoons move moisture from South Asia back towards the Indian Ocean.

Before we move to the differences, let’s understand what are Advancing Monsoons and Retreating Monsoons:

  • Advancing Monsoons: Advancing Monsoons are characterized by moisture from the ocean moving over land, where it is evaporated and falls as rain or snow.
  • Retreating Monsoons: Retreating Monsoons occur when the wind changes direction and moves the moisture away from the land, allowing it to evaporate into the atmosphere.

Advancing Monsoons vs Retreating Monsoons

Now, let’s move to Advancing Monsoons vs Retreating Monsoons:

Major differences between Advancing Monsoons and Retreating Monsoons

Advancing Monsoons Retreating Monsoons
The Advancing Monsoons bring with them a lot of rain, but they also bring wind and thunderstorms. The Retreating Monsoons are a little more gentle, with less rain and less thunder and lightning.
These winds blow from the northeast to southwest. These winds blow from a westerly direction.
The advancing monsoon is also known as a southwest monsoon. The retreating monsoon is known as an northeast monsoon.
Advancing monsoons are characterized by a reversal of wind direction that takes place before noon. Retreating monsoons are characterized by a reversal of wind direction that takes place when the sun is highest in the sky (noon).
Advancing monsoons are rain-bearing winds that occur during the summer months, when the temperature of the land surface is high. Retreating monsoons, on the other hand, are dry winds that occur during winter months, when temperatures are low.


That’s it.

Note that sometimes, the question might also be asked as “distinguish between Advancing Monsoons and Retreating Monsoons”.

Also see:

Final words

Now that you know the difference between advancing and retreating monsoons, you’ll be able to understand the weather patterns in your area and figure out what to expect.

It’s important to know how to prepare for these changes in weather so you can ride out the storm and keep your family safe.

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