Advantages and Disadvantages of Vegetative Propagation
Looking for advantages and disadvantages of Vegetative Propagation?
We have collected some solid points that will help you understand the pros and cons of Vegetative Propagation in detail.
But first, let’s understand the topic:
What is Vegetative Propagation?
Vegetative propagation is a method of propagation in which new plants are formed without seeds. This process involves the use of parts of the mother plant called cuttings, which are cut and planted in order to grow new plants.
What are the advantages and disadvantages of Vegetative Propagation
The followings are the advantages and disadvantages of Vegetative Propagation:
|Genetically identical offspring are produced||Short-lived and small as compared to seed propagated plants|
|Production of seedless plants||More susceptible to diseases|
|One parent required for reproduction||Expensive compared to seed propogation|
|Quicker and more certain||No new varieties can be produced|
|Flowers produced are of superior quality||Skilled people are needed|
Advantages of Vegetative Propagation
- Genetically identical offspring are produced – One of the biggest advantage is that it produces genetically identical offspring. This is great for people who want to ensure their plants will look and grow like their parents, but also want to avoid any problems with cross-pollination.
- Production of seedless plants – Vegetative propagation is also used to produce seedless plants. This is possible because the seeds are not required for growth or reproduction. Therefore, the production of fruit with seeds can be avoided by using this method of reproduction.
- One parent required for reproduction – Vegetative propagation requires only one parent plant to produce offspring whereas sexual reproduction requires two parent plants. This makes vegetative propagation an ideal method for mass production of plants that have desirable characteristics such as disease resistance or high yield production capabilities.
- Quicker and more certain – Vegetative propagation is quick and easy to do, and it produces identical quality as the parent plant. This can be useful when you have a plant that does not have viable seed and will not produce new plants using other methods.
- Flowers produced are of superior quality – Plants grown from cuttings or division tend to produce flowers with better color, size, shape and fragrance than those grown from seeds—all because they don’t have any genetic issues!
Disadvantages of Vegetative Propagation
- Short-lived and small as compared to seed propagated plants – Vegetative propagation produces plants that are shorter lived and smaller than their seed-propagated counterparts. This is because their stems, leaves and roots are all derived from the tip of the cutting. Because there is no root system in place, the plant will not be able to store energy in its roots for long periods of time or establish itself in a new environment without help from humans.
- More susceptible to diseases – When you use seeds in a greenhouse or in an open field, disease will not affect them because they are not yet mature enough to develop or reproduce themselves. However, this is not the case with vegetative propagation where young plants are used for grafting and rooting purposes which makes them highly vulnerable to diseases.
- Expensive compared to seed propogation – If you want to produce large quantities of plants quickly, then vegetative propagation may not be the best option for you because it requires more resources and time than seed propagation does.
- No new varieties can be produced – Vegetative propagation is a method of growing plants from cuttings or other pieces of existing plants. It does not produce new varieties or cultivars.
- Skilled people are needed – Plants must be grown in a sterile environment so that they don’t get attacked by diseases or pests, which means that you need to have skilled people working on this project if you want your plants to survive. This can be very expensive if you don’t have good horticulturalists on hand already!
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